Original Research Paper e-learning
E-learning of mathematics using problem-based learning by designing a new software program and studying its impact on the mathematical performance of secondary high school students

M. Jafarabadi Ashtiyani; M. Nugmonov

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 207-222


  Background and Objectives: Since the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is an efficient, well-accepted, learner-centered method in which the learner is active in the whole process of teaching and learning, it is a suitable method for teaching mathematical concepts. Nevertheless, the researchers have pointed ...  Read More

Original Research Paper e-learning
The lived experiences of students from educational justice in virtual education

E. Jafari; N. Homayooni Bakhshayesh; J. Alamolhoda

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 222-238


  Background and Objectives: Nowadays, virtual education has become one of the most important applications of information and communication technologies in the world and extensive activities have been started in this field. This can be one of the favorite options to fill the educational gaps, in the unavailability ...  Read More

Original Research Paper e-learning
Traffic-Sim: Investigating the effect of attending intelligent virtual instructor on the efficacy of learning traffic rules

Y. Sekhavat; F. Alizadeh; S. Roohi

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 239-248


  Background and Objectives: Virtual Reality (VR) technology is an effective tool to teach various well-known skills and concepts. Teaching and integrating the traffic culture by using modern approaches is an essential fact to control and decrease the damages and costs caused by driving problems.  In ...  Read More

Original Research Paper TVET
Investigating teachers and prospective teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge in the field of proportional reasoning with a focus on their problem solving activities on semantic types

A. Poorang; N. Asghary; A. Shahvarani Semnani

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 249-260


  and is a potent means for developing algebraic thinking which necessitates students’ understanding of the functional relationship between measure spaces. The ability to recognize and identify the structural similarity and multiple comparisons in the proportional reasoning process is the base of ...  Read More

Original Research Paper e-learning
The study of teachers’ motives and usage of social networks

F. Seraji; R. Malmir; H. Abbasi kasani

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 261-275


  Background and Objectives: Users enter social networks with different motives and their participation in social networks is also different from each other. Having different goals and motives, teachers as users of social networks choose various ways to participate in these networks. So, laying emphasis ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Machine-translation
Designing an Avatar-based Translator System from Persian into Persian Sign Language (PSL)

M. Shamsi; M. Divani; A. Rasouli Kenari

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 277-290


  Background and Objectives: Sign Language is a visual language that uses hand shapes, facial expression gestures, and body language for communication. Linguistic studies have shown that Sign Languages, like spoken languages, are natural and meet the communication needs of their speakers. Sign Language ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Modern Educational Approaches
Evaluating the effectiveness of using visual stimuli methods on architecture students’ design creativity

M. Ashrafganjouei; H. Nadimi

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 291-304


  Background and Objectives: During design process, images as visual stimuli are significant tools in reaching creative design ideas. So this issue has resulted in conducting extensive studies in the field of educational technology on the methods of using visual stimuli as an educational tool. Since the ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Educational Technology
Relationship between attitude to career and technology course with technological and entrepreneurship attitude of high school students in district one of Tabriz

M. Hosseinzadehnabati; F. Mahmoodi; Y. Adib

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 305-319


  Background and Objectives: Developing a positive attitude toward the subject under study is one of the common educational goals today. Teachers as well as parents believe that the student's attitude toward the subject matter affects the student's success in school. High school students' perceptions regarding ...  Read More

Original Research Paper e-learning
Identifying the components of e-learning system at University of Tehran

F. Narenjithani; J. pourkarimi; S. Hejazi

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 321-337


  Background and Objectives: E-learning is the necessity of the information society and the main condition for achieving the goal of the Fourth National Development Plan (Knowledge-Based Development) which has paid special attention to the university activities while benefitting from the electronic learning ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Educational Technology
The Effectiveness of Hypertext Annotations on Learners' Vocabulary Learning: A Meta-analysis

V. S. Vahedi

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 339-349


  CALL) programs have been incorporated into language classrooms over the past five decades, it has become more important to find a clear answer to questions such as to what extent, and under which moderator variables CALL programs can yield more effective outcomes as compared to traditional language instruction. ...  Read More

Original Research Paper TVET
Explaining the aspects of entrepreneurial university in Technical and Vocational University Area 8

A. A. elyasi; M. Salehi; R. Uosefi

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 351-364


  University in Technical and Vocational University Area 8 (Mazandaran, Golestan, and Semnan provinces). According to the review of the research studies in the past including Ataiee et al. (2017), the researchers in the present study concluded that applying the criteria of the entrepreneurial universities ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Teacher Education
Explaining the goals of the curriculum based on teacher-researcher training at Farhangian University

H. Abedini Alavi; M. Nili AhmadAbadi; M. Neystani; M. Liaghatdar

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 395-408


  Background and Objectives: The purpose of architecture education is to prepare graduates for general proficiency in this field of study. However, many graduates of architecture who are employed at the job market observe a profound gap between what they have learned in college and what is being done in ...  Read More

Original Research Paper TVET
Assessing the relationship between education and professional work in architecture

S. Hejazi; M. Shafaei

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 365-378


  Background and Objectives: Spatial ability is an important notion because of its application in everyday life and its place in science and engineering. In recent decades, there have been many studies on spatial ability in the field of mathematics education. Parts of these studies have been conducted ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Modern Educational Approaches
Investigation of spatial ability of male and female students in 10th and 11th grade according to spatial visualization, mental rotation, and spatial orientation factors

E. Reyhani; F. Ghasemi; Z. Rahimi

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 379-394


  Background and Objectives: In the turn of present century, dramatic changes have taken place in education and society. Among these changes, the change from an industrial to a knowledge-based society, the change from information technology and new information in various scientific fields, and the change ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Educational Justice
Measuring the degree of development and educational deprivation of Sistan and Baluchistan Counties

M. karimzadeh; B. karimzadeh

Volume 15, Issue 2 , April 2021, Pages 409-418


  Background and Objectives: Education sector and its indicators as one of the most important components of the social dimension of sustainable development, by playing its fundamental and crucial role in the process of comprehensive development, has a very important and key role and it is prerequisite ...  Read More