Document Type : Original Research Paper


Economics Department, Faculty of Humanities, Higher Educational Complex of Saravan, Saravan, Iran


Background and Objectives: Education sector and its indicators as one of the most important components of the social dimension of sustainable development, by playing its fundamental and crucial role in the process of comprehensive development, has a very important and key role and it is prerequisite for achieving the development of communities. Education has always been a concern of governments in achieving a fair distribution of facilities and expertise and has therefore been one of the most important public policies. Public education improves the productivity of low-income and poor people; because it improves their position in the labor market, and as a result, through education, income and welfare gaps can be reduced, and these gaps in turn affect the degree of development of the countries. Therefore, the issue of inequality is a major development challenge in many countries, especially for those countries whose sovereignty includes vast geographical areas. These inequalities make a serious threat to the balanced development of the regions and make it difficult to achieve the national unity. The present study aimed to investigate the development level of Sistan and Baluchistan counties in educational facilities and services according to student’s population.
Methods: The research method of this study is descriptive - analytical. The statistical population of the research is the counties of the province in 2016. The statistical sample of the study is 19 counties of the province. The required data for this study was obtained from the province's 2015 statistical yearbook. In the present study, 23 effective indicators in the education sector were used to obtain a logical answer to the main research questions. In this way, in order to analyze the data, at first, the Shannon entropy technique was used to weigh the indicators and then, based on TOPSIS technique with the help of TOPSIS Solver and Excel software, the extent of development of counties in terms of their access to educational facilities were analyzed and determined.
Findings: The results of the research show that according to the TOPSIS method, the county of Zahedan is the most developed county and Dalgan is the most deprived county in the province. Based on this index, and according to the educational facilities, the counties of Zahedan, Hamoon, Konarak, Zabol and Sarbaz are the most developed counties in the province; and Dalgan, Qasr-e Qand, Mehrestan and Fanoj are the most deprived counties, respectively.
Conclusion: Research findings show that 84.21% of the province counties are at relatively deprived and deprived level of development and none of the counties of the province are at a developed or relatively developed level. The findings of this study indicate the inadequate distribution of educational facilities and services in Sistan and Baluchestan province. Unfair concentration and distribution of educational resources and facilities in different regions of the province will aggravate the underdevelopment of counties and their further backwardness. Therefore, considering the abundant deprivation of the counties of this province in the field of educational indicators, it is necessary for provincial and national officials to make more serious efforts at the national and provincial levels to eliminate these inequalities and under-development of educational development in this vast province.


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