S. Bitaraf; M. Kameli; B. Saleh sedg poor
Background and Objectives: Due to the spatial-content development in domains of knowledge, it is necessary to pay attention to the new approaches to education by emphasizing opportunities and limitations. Therefore, in this paper providing an appropriate educational model compatible with an affordance-based ...
Background and Objectives: Due to the spatial-content development in domains of knowledge, it is necessary to pay attention to the new approaches to education by emphasizing opportunities and limitations. Therefore, in this paper providing an appropriate educational model compatible with an affordance-based approach (including environment features and physical, cultural, behavioral and perceptual characteristics of users) at different levels of teaching the design of residential complexes is desired. The research studies conducted in this regard can be examined in two subjects: teaching residential architecture and affordances. In this regard, the purpose of this paper is studying the basics of teaching architecture, with two approaches including the affordances and the optimal relationship between environment and human being in the residential space and providing an operational model in educational planning of the course in designing the residential architecture. In fact, the analysis of the basic criteria for the design of residential complexes in the field of architecture education with a focus on improving the quality of these spaces based on the dimensions of sustainability are considered in this study. Methods: This research is applied in terms of purpose, descriptive in terms of data collection, and its type is causal-comparative. In the first phase of the research, the effective components of architectural education in the design of residential complexes were studied and collected in a qualitative and descriptive manner with the help of library and field resources and unstructured interviews with experts.Research instruments at this stage were a researcher-made questionnaire extracted from a primary model and an interview with the experts which included the following 6 components: 1- Environmental factors 2- Individual factors 3- Educational planning 4- PCK of education 5- PCK of teacher, and 6- Internal and external factors. The research was conducted in two stages with the aim of increasing the face validity (approval of the questionnaire by the experts) and the reliability of the research. The statistical population included experts and specialists in two groups of university lecturers and those involved in the design of residential architecture. The sampling method has been selected purposefully due to maintaining the principle of comprehensiveness and respecting the diversity of the community. In the second stage of the research, the variables were discovered using factor analysis tools in order to perform computational and statistical studies of the research for the purpose of explanation and prediction Then, the factors identified as affecting the residential architecture education were ranked. Findings: Theobtained results are descriptive statistics of respondents of both sexes holding master's and doctoral degrees and working as faculty members, university lecturers and those involved in residential architecture in three age ranges of less than 40 years, between 40 to 60 years and 60 years and above. The findings showed that among all the aforementioned six components that affect the architecture education, PCK of education, and environmental factors have the most significant impact. Conclusion: Based on the research studies conducted and the statistical results obtained, a comprehensive and operational model was developed for the educational planning of the residential architecture design course. In this pattern, TPCK and environmental components (including the design of light, the design of color, territory-oriented behaviour, ventilation, environmental equipment, security and respect for the environment) were introduced as the most effective components in residential architecture education. Also, based on the emphasis laid on the teacher-student interaction and the guidance role of the instructor and the facilitating role of the teacher in the type of the teaching method, an important feature of this model is the centrality of the aforementioned components in three dimensions of the instructor (teacher), the learner (student) and the environment.
H. Azemati; B. Saleh Sedghpour; M. S. Taher Tolou Del; Z. Sadoughi
Background and Objectives: The ultimate goal of education is the learner’s growth. Therefore, the main concern of the architects in this field is the educational environment design in accordance with the high goals of educational system. In this study, relying on the opinions of Islamic thinkers ...
Background and Objectives: The ultimate goal of education is the learner’s growth. Therefore, the main concern of the architects in this field is the educational environment design in accordance with the high goals of educational system. In this study, relying on the opinions of Islamic thinkers in Quranic sciences field, the teachings derived from the Holy Quran and basic components underlying the perfection has extracted. These components have proposed, as the main contents of design criteria and improving the quality of schools and educational places, in three areas of meaning, function and body to help the architects benefit from an efficient design. Materials and Methods: This study has considered as an effective fundamental research, using quantitative-qualitative methodology. The methodology, in beginning, is survey. Then, the validity of the researcher-made questionnaires and the reliability of the variables have been calculated and confirmed through Cronbach's alpha test with a coefficient of 0.764. In addition, Q factor analysis (extracting expert opinions) and R factor analysis (extracting users' interests) were also performed using spss19 software. The specialist’s statistical population includes 25 professors specialized in the fields of Islamic education, educational sciences and architecture. Next, 40 female trade school junior were selected, from Tehran trade schools, as a non-random environmental users sample. Finally, the illustrated questionnaires obtained from the views of the professors were prepared and analyzed. Findings: After 990 minutes of interviews with specialized professors of Shahid Rajaee University, Tehran University, Science and Technology University and Imam Khomeini international University of Qazvin, two-stage coding and extraction of effective categories were done to prepare a researcher-made questionnaire with 40 items. According to the results of the factor analysis, the following three factors have detected; 1- Physical characteristics of educational buildings as a factor of human spiritual excellence, 2- Introversion as an effective factor in human self-knowledge and self-construction, 3- Extroversion as a factor in regulating environmental conditions and natural areas of human perfection from the view of the specialists. Then, the users’ illustrated questionnaires in 9 different educational fields with 3 quality grades, have distributed among users. Conclusion:: The students’ identified needs, regarding the meaning and spiritual growth, "creating peace and security, a sense of satisfaction, increasing thinking power, fostering creativity and increasing responsibility." In the function field, the following issues are supposed to have taken into account: "individualized places, observance of hierarchy, flexibility, social interactions, multifunctional spaces and the cultivation of sensory powers". In the body field, "observance of diversity, attention to details, scalability, beauty and connection with nature" should have given priority in designing the school and campus. Therefore, based on these identified variables, the obtained correlation model of the factors making students' spiritual excellence in school design is specified through: 1- body design with considering growth factor characteristics, 2- human self-knowledge and self-construction, 3- nature and environment. Therefore, considering the important role of the body and especially the characteristics of the school environment in the growth of students' talents, the optimal design of educational environments is clearly effective to make a suitable ground for their spiritual growth.
Education technology - higher education
M. Kameli; H.R. Azemati; F. Ramazi
Undoubtedly Planners any organization and especially the elite university courses and inform policy, goals and methods are chosen. It is because of this application is any application within the specified period. The purpose of this paper is to compare the effectiveness and near the architectural design ...
Undoubtedly Planners any organization and especially the elite university courses and inform policy, goals and methods are chosen. It is because of this application is any application within the specified period. The purpose of this paper is to compare the effectiveness and near the architectural design courses 2 and 4 in the activities of professional architects and important factors affecting the activity and be professional architects. An applied research and analytical method is described. Quantitative methods and techniques as well as to evaluate the information from the survey (see the questionnaire) is used. The results show that proximity and relationship issues with professional design 2, 4 more than the architectural design 2 and 4 with an architectural design that graduates in their professional work experience is a huge gap. Also, due to administrative issues, performance issues in a professional and effective idea are considered to be less attention to this subject in universities.
Educational Technology Psychology
S Nazi Dizji
Abstract: Cognition about Mental and psychological factors، influencing the architectural design، is one of the most important indicator of architectural education. This study examined the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and architectural design skills in architecture students of Deylaman ...
Abstract: Cognition about Mental and psychological factors، influencing the architectural design، is one of the most important indicator of architectural education. This study examined the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and architectural design skills in architecture students of Deylaman Institute of Higher Education .65 architecture students were selected from the University of Deylaman by Simple Random Sampling method. The Emotional intelligence of each student was measured by the Brad berry and Greaves (2004) test. Scores of design 2 and GPA OF students was interpreted as indicators of progress in architectural design and academic achievement. Data analysis was carried out by Descriptive and Inferential Statistics methods containing Correlation Analysis، Independent Samples Test and One-Sample T-Test and utilizing SPSS software. In conclusion we found that there is no significant relationship between emotional intelligence and both academic achievement and scores of design2 of students. Furthermore The findings also showed emotional intelligence of both gender (male and female) is not different significantly. Research results indicate no significant difference between emotional intelligence and academic achievement of students of architecture and architectural design skills. The findings also showed that emotional intelligence is no significant difference in male and female students of architecture Considering The impact of emotional intelligence in professional success and lack of significant relationship between EQ and architectural skills، architecture faculties should enhance EI of architecture students by necessary training courses.