Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Imam Khomeini International University (IKIU), Qazvin, Iran

2 Faculty of Technical and Engineering, University of Torbat Heydarieh, Torbat Heydarieh, Iran

3 Shahid Motahari University, Tehran, Iran


Background and Objectives: With globalization and being in the direction of various intellectual currents, architectural design as an influential factor has changed in the process. The architecture of schools needs to be changed due to the changes in the educational system and the growing needs of students due to communication and the unification of intellectual currents in the world. The pervasiveness of information and communication technology has affected the educational system and the educational environment must constantly adapt to the developments and changes of today's world. Only then can it train capable and competent individuals to meet the needs of the world ahead and the future. Educational policy is constantly being programmed in response to new research on how to prepare students for a rapidly changing world. Flexibility is recognized as a result of globalization in architecture. The need for change is important in school architecture due to the diversity of users and the variety of their needs and wants. Flexible spaces have more acceptance capabilities from the general public due to their type of use. In this study, the evolution of ideas among individuals in the discussion of globalization is determined to identify the need for changes in the education system, analyze how the education system changes and the need for flexible schools, express the flexible characteristics of schools and their capabilities, and practically change the country's schools by improving educational approaches and the design of school architecture.
Methods: This research uses an analytical-applied method, assuming that flexibility can update educational approaches and, conversely, tries to find the relationship between architecture and educational approaches with flexibility. To do this, it uses library studies of books and articles.
Findings: In this regard, the criterion of open plan system, flexible learning spaces, flexible furniture, adaptablity through moving walls, and flexible public spaces are practical solutions that can cause updates in educational approaches to school.
Conclusion: Architecture as a guide in design can plan the design process from fertilization to birth. Therefore, the attitude towards architecture should be present at the same time going back and forth in whole and in part. School architecture is one of the effective educational parameters in modern education and just as thinkers in the study of educational issues always consider various factors such as family, teacher, educational management, etc. as effective factors in the process of learning; the architecture or physical space of the school also plays a role as a living and dynamic factor in the quality of students' educational activities. In a world of such rapid change and in a day when knowledge is a powerful tool for development and even social survival, flexibility is the common denominator between architecture and educational approaches. Architecture can use to flexibly improve the educational approaches needed in the new world. Flexibility as a solution is effective in education in two ways: updating the educational approach with the help of architecture, innovation in architectural design by new educational approaches. The learning environment influences students' creativity. The more creative the design, the more fertile the student's mind becomes, and the greater the need to raise educational levels, and this process is infinitely reproducible.


Main Subjects

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