Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of curriculum development. Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University. Azarbaijan. Iran


The purpose of this study was to compare cooperative teaching and individual teaching on educational achievement in English in grade one of high school (female students). This study is a quasi-experimental study with pre-test- and post- test with two experimental groups. The Statistical population was high school's first grade female students of Mahabad. For sampling, multi-stage cluster sampling was used. The sample size was 52 consist of 25 and 27 members in the experimental group (1) and (2) in which cooperation and individual teaching methods were used respectively. In order to equalize the members of groups the student's GPA were controlled and pre-test and IQ test were done. The results showed no significant difference between groups.The pre-test was a researcher-made. Reliability of the pre-test was obtained 0.83. The cooperative and individual methods were done for 2 months and then post- test was carried out. The results showed no significant differences between them. T-test analyzes shows significant differences between the two groups so that the first experimental group (cooperative) showed better performance in educational achievement.


Main Subjects

Reihani, Hassan, Rasouli, Lalleh, Soleiman and Sheikhzadeh, Mostafa, Constructivism teaching method and samples of teaching Electricity topic in Physics (1) textbook, 13th Iraian Physics Education Conference, Zanjan Uiversity, Iran, (2013). [In Persian] [1] Mehrmohammadi, Mahmood, Rethinking in Teaching-learning process and teachers’ training, Tehran: Madreseh, (2007). [In Persian] [2] Rahimi, Mehdi and Samani, Siamak, The advantages of using cooperative learning in elementary school. Innovation in curriculum. Congress, (2007). [In Persian] [3] Baker, T., and Clark, J., Cooperative learning: a double edged sword: A cooperative learning model for use with diverse student groups. In Proceedings of the International IAIE/IASCE Conference [CD ROM]: 19 – 22 January 2008, University of Torino, Italy, Italy: Conference Organising Committee for the International IAIE/IASCE Conference. [4] Johnson, D. W., and Johnson, R. T.,Two heads learn better than one. Transforming Education, (1988), p. 34. [5] Feichtner, S. B., and Davis, E. A., Why some groups fail: A survey of students’ experiences with learning groups, The Organizational Behavior Teaching Review, Vol. 9, No. 4, (1991), pp. 75-88. [6] Oakley, B., Felder, R. M., Brent, R., and Elhajj, I., Turning student groups into effective teams. Journal of Student Centred Learning, Vol. 2, No. 1, (2004), pp. 9-34. [7] Gillis, R. M, Ashman, A. F and Terwelj Teachers role in implementing cooperative learning in the class room. New York, springer science business media, (2008), LLC. [8] 11 نشریه علمی پژوهشی فناوری آموزش، جلد 01 ،شماره 0 ،پاییز 0931 Sha’bani, Hassan, Instruction Skills: Methods and Techniques of Teaching. Vol. 2. (2011). Tehran: Samt. [In Persian] [9] Zhou, Hui, Enhancing Non-English Majors’ EFL Motivation through Cooperative Learning, Procedia Elsevier B. V., (2012), pp. 1317-1323 Environmental Sciences 12 . [10] Mir Hassani, Akbar, Human Ability to know Language. Foreign Language Teaching Journal, No. 80, Fall. Vol. 21, (2006), pp. 2-3. [In Persian] [11] Sarani, Hadi, Aayati, Mohsen, The impact of mobile phone using (SMS) on learning English vocabulary and the students’ attitude. Research in Curriculum Planning, Vol. 11, No. 13, (2014), pp. 48-60. [In Persian] [12] Slavin, Robert. E., Synthesis Of Research on Cooperative Learning. Translated by: Fatemeh Faghihi Ghazwini. Educational Journal of Education, No. 30, (1993), pp. 114-130. [13] Shachar, H & Fischer, S., Cooperative learning and the achievement of motivation and perceptions of students in 11th grade chemistry classes. Learning and Instruction, (2004). [14] Johnson, R.T and Johnson, D. W., Research works, cooperative learning. University of Minnesata. (http://education. Umn, (2002). Edu/University of Minnesota). [15] Slavin and Therese, Cooperative Learning, elements of successful cooperative learning, (1995) < [16] Matai, bahman; Abdi, Ali; Nori, Ali, The study of effectiveness of cooperative Teaching on educational achievement of basic English, national Conference on new methods in anagement. Kermanshah, Iran, (2010). [In Persian] [17] Tajrobe kar and others, The effect of individual and group reinforcement on cooperative learning in English language. Tehran university, (2002). [In Persian] [18] Akdemir, Elif and Arsalan, Ali, From Past to Present: Trend Analysis of Cooperative Learning Studies. ELSEVIER published, Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 55, (2012), pp. 212-217 [19] Naderi, Ezzatollah, and Seif Naraghi, Maryam, Research Methods and its Evaluation in Human Sciences .4th edition. Tehran: Arasbaran, (2006) p117. [In Persian] [20] Sa’adatmand, Mohsen, The study of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) on English learning of high school grade one and comparison with traditional methods of teaching. M.A. thesis. Tarbiyyat Mo’allem University of Tehran, (2002). [In Persian]