Modern Educational Approaches
N. Farajpour; S. A. Samavi; M. Javdan
Background and Objective:In various studies, the factors affecting academic achievement and performance are divided into two categories: the first category are variables and factors that are outside the learner and include factors such as teacher teaching method and socio-economic status of students ...
Background and Objective:In various studies, the factors affecting academic achievement and performance are divided into two categories: the first category are variables and factors that are outside the learner and include factors such as teacher teaching method and socio-economic status of students and the category; the second are the variables that are related to the learner and are known as personal factors that include motivation, attitude, self-efficacy and cognitive factors. From the perspective of educational psychologists as well as teachers, motivation is one of the key concepts and is used to explain different levels of student performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the causal relationship between motivational variables and academic performance in science, mediated by conceptual understanding in male and female students of the eighth grade. Methods: The sample was recruited from all of eighth grade students in Darab city, Iran. The research method was correlational. The data gathered through the three questionnaires: the modified version of Harter's (1980, 1981) scale, Attitude Survey Questionnaire, and the researcher-made conceptual understanding of Science. In the descriptive section, the mean, standard deviation and correlation coefficient were used and in the inferential section, structural equation modeling was used. Findings: The results showed that all relationships between variables, except the extrinsic motivation for conceptual understanding were significant. Results also indicated that all indirect hypotheses, except the indirect relation of extrinsic motivation to the academic performance in science mediated by conceptual understanding were confirmed. Conclusion: In the explanation of the present study that there is no significant relationship between external motivation and conceptual understanding, it can be pointed out that students who are motivated externally, study activities simply to achieve the desired outcomes such as approval or reward and prevent undesirable consequences such as punishment. In other words, the external factor controls their behavior and encourages them to perform a specific activity. According to behaviorists, learning is a change in the obvious behavior of the individual and its realization requires the use of positive and negative reinforcers. And these environmental stimuli, which are used to reinforce or inhibit observable behaviors, lead to behavioral changes. Since behaviorists focus on observable and measurable behaviors, not on inaccessible mental processes, and given that conceptual understanding is a mental process related to one's perceptions, it is not unreasonable to expect that there is no significant relationship between external motivation. And observe conceptual understanding.
Background and Objectives:The world of communication in the third wave of communication approaches has brought a new way of life in the form of new tools, which has led to it being called the electronic hut. Rapid developments resulting from the application of technology, including productive technology ...
Background and Objectives:The world of communication in the third wave of communication approaches has brought a new way of life in the form of new tools, which has led to it being called the electronic hut. Rapid developments resulting from the application of technology, including productive technology and information technology in human life have caused dramatic changes in the industrial, economic, political and civil structures of societies, and these changes have had a significant impact on the life and work of people around the world. It has seriously challenged traditional methods of teaching, learning, and managing education. With the help of new educational tools, there is an opportunity to make new choices to combine the knowledge of students and students, including the use of blended teaching methods in an environment based on e-learning technology. Blended instruction is the preparation of an active environment and the introduction of dynamic training methods through which it is possible to use educational facilities with its minimum and maximum benefits. In this environment, it is possible to move from face-to-face learning to combining it with virtual classes and finally using fully online facilities. Blended learning as a new paradigm in educational context undergrounded in using ICT when learning occurs both in the classroom and online situation. The paper explains students' achievement in learning science through blended method at a secondary school in a city in Iran. Method and Materials: Research sample includes 160 students in 6 classes and in 3 grades. 60 of learners after revising of their pre - test score on the basis of scores' variances randomized as control and experimental group.30 of them considered as experimental group learned in blended method and the same sample participated as control in classic styles of learning. Data were analyzed by T test and covariance analysis. Findings: Findings showed that blended learning method could promote achievement results in experimental group on learning science conceptions. Conclusion: Learning is formed with a blended approach based on activity-based principles and the learner is required to reflect and decide on events and facts online or offline and explain the reality by reflecting group or individual processes effective in problem solving or decision-making, reviewing the solution and reviewing the effective feedback on solving the problem. Using the teaching method in a blended way and in fact combining education by using the computer as a powerful medium in the learning and teaching processes in addition to improving the teaching of science concepts, after direct teaching in the classroom and in combination with the curriculum assignments related to daily life, can be effective in improving the learning of learners.
Electronic learning- virtual
M. Piri; R. Shahi
The research has been conducted in an attempt to examine the effect of multi-media teaching on sixth grade learners’ academic engagement in science courses of the nomadic multi-grade classes. The research is a quasi-experimental one and is performed using the pre-test, post-test method with the ...
The research has been conducted in an attempt to examine the effect of multi-media teaching on sixth grade learners’ academic engagement in science courses of the nomadic multi-grade classes. The research is a quasi-experimental one and is performed using the pre-test, post-test method with the control group. The participants of the study were 40 learners (19 female and 21 male) among nomadic sixth grade students, who were selected using multistage random cluster sampling method and placed randomly in the control and experimental groups. The academic engagement questionnaire with specific validity and reliability were utilized to gather data. The face and content validity was examined and reliability coefficient was estimated 0.83. Using the inferential and descriptive statistics, the data were analyzed by SPSS. The findings revealed a significant difference between employing multi-media teaching and academic engagement (behavioral, academic, psychological and cognitive) of learners in control and experimental groups (p<0.05) and the mean score of academic engagement students whom being taught with multi-media method was higher. However, there is not a significant difference between the academic engagement of female and male students in the experimental group (p>0.05). Therefore, the multi-media teaching method has almost equal effect on male and female students.
Educational computer games
E. Sharifi Asl; S. Asadian
The aim of the present research is to compare problem solving and teamwork skills of the students that benefit from the educational Lego and the traditional method of teaching in science in third grade of elementary school in Tabriz. Therefore, in a quasi-experimental study using pre-test and post-test ...
The aim of the present research is to compare problem solving and teamwork skills of the students that benefit from the educational Lego and the traditional method of teaching in science in third grade of elementary school in Tabriz. Therefore, in a quasi-experimental study using pre-test and post-test with control group, 40 students were selected randomly and placed in two groups- experimental and control- (learning by Lego and traditional method). In order to equalize the members of groups the student's GPA were controlled and pre-test and IQ test has been done. Before implementing the LEGO, for experimental and control groups, problem solving and teamwork pre-tests were used. The experimental group was exposed to the independent variable and the control group was taught through the classical teaching methods which currently used in the country and finally, both groups were exposed to problem-solving and teamwork post-tests. The results showed that the student's problem solving and teamwork skills, that benefit from the educational Lego was much more than who used traditional methods.