Technology-based learning environments
Standardization of the presence questionnaire (PQ3) in virtual learning environments: Persian translation and validation of the presence questionnaire

S. Khazai; M. Arefi

Volume 16, Issue 3 , July 2022, , Pages 467-482

  Background and Objectives: With the advent of e-learning, the educational perspective has changed. Following these changes and the separation of learners by the e-learning courses, a sense of isolation and alienation has been created  which has even become a threat to learning in these courses. ...  Read More

Educational Technology
Required faculty competencies for teaching in higher education institutes in technology era

Sh. Bakhshaliizade; K. Fathi Vajargah; M. Arefi; A.R. Kiamanesh

Volume 15, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 83-100

  Background and Objectives: Third Mellenium World is a world that is faced with rapid scientific, cultural, and technological change. Increasing access to education services at higher education levels has resulted in admission of students with personal differences to higher education institutes. The change ...  Read More