Document Type : Original Research Paper


Persian Language Department, Persian Language and Literature Research Center, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


Background and Objective:In general, the purpose of e-learning is to provide equal, free and searchable access to courses and to create a uniform learning environment for different people everywhere and to optimize the presentation of course materials for deeper learning. In such an educational environment, unlike traditional (teacher-centered) teaching methods, people benefit from the subjects to the extent of their capacity and ability. In e-learning, it is possible to achieve maximum productivity in education by combining different methods of presenting educational content such as text, audio and video, etc. Virtual education utilizes the capacity of computer networks, Internet technologies, satellite networks, and new digital sciences. In fact, the art of using network technologies is to design, select, transform, and manage the educational process. The purpose of this study was to investigate, identify, and rank the most important key factors in the success of the Persian language e-learning course in universities (Al-Mustafa society and Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin).
Methods: This is an applied research in terms of the purpose, descriptive in terms of the method of data collection and cross-sectional study. The statistical population of this study was 60 Persian language instructors who taught at least one full term using the E-learning system. The main instrument for data collecting was a researcher-made questionnaire based on the Likert scale of 5 scales.
Findings: The results of the research showed that the factor of content was considered as the first priority, technology as the second, students as the third priority, the organizational factor as the forth one, and the last priority was the general issue. In the study of the organizational factors, the educational- management strategies in organization gained the highest amount of 12.32, the highest percentage of variance 32.08 and the highest coefficient of reliability of 0.875, among the factors of student, the sub-factor trust, adaption and response to the needs with the special value of 8.094 and the variance of 27.93 was the most important sub-factor. Also, in determining the factors of content, the factors affecting content production with a specific amount of 5.314, indicated the highest percentage 42.151 of the total variance related to the factors of content. The applicability of technology with a specific value of 6.07 and 36.54 percent of the total variance was the most important sub-factor of the factor of technology. The leadership and strategic factors with the specific value of 10.404 and 26.035 percent of the total variance proved to be the most important sub-factor in general factors.
Conclusion: Based on the set of attitudes of success factors in the use of e-learning in higher education centers, this study aims to prioritize these factors in teaching Persian to foreigners. In this research, these two questions have been answered: What are the key factors of success in using the Persian language virtual education system as a second/foreign language from the perspective of teachers of these courses? And what is the priority and importance of these key success factors identified in the education system of the country's universities? In response to the first question, the findings show that from the perspective of teachers of Persian language e-learning courses to foreigners, the content factor ranks first, the technology factor ranks the second, the student factor ranks third, and the general factor is the last after the organizational factor. Also, in answer to the second question, each of these factors has several sub-factors.


Main Subjects

©2019 The author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers. 

[1] Zakeri A. University of Internet. Quarterly of Education. 2002; 5: 14-29. Persian.
[2] Rezaei Rad M, ohammadi Etergaleh, R. The role of using E-learning in teaching and learning process from the point of view of faculty members of Payame Noor University of Mazandaran. Quarterly Journal of Electronic Learning. 2012; 3(3): 1-8. Persian.
[3] Rezaei K, Tadayon S, Ostadi B, Aqdasi M. Key success factors in implementing process management and providing framework for assessing organizational readiness. Industrial Management Journal. 2001; 1(3): 37-52. Persian.
[6] Alih M, Saeed-Banadakhi S, Bagherdesad V. Identifying the key factors of successful E-learning in entrepreneurship in Tehran's State Universities. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development. 2012; 5(3): 85-104. Persian.
[7] Kimasi M, Shirkavand S, Glorak A. Identification of bank success factors in Iran. Journal of Business Management. 2014; 6(4): 867-887. Persian.
[9] Puri G. Critical success factors in E-learning, an empirical study. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research. 2012; 2(1): 149 -161.
[10] Testa MG, Freitas HMR. Web-based distance learning programmes: an exploratory investigation of its critical success factors. Revista Eletrônica de Administração. 2003; 9(6): 1-21.
[12] Khorasani A, Dusti H. Assessing the satisfaction and importance of effective factors on the effectiveness of electronic education from employee perspectives. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Education. 2011; 1(4): 37-58. Persian.
[13] Emami H. The Study of key elements of electronic learning and the Level of readiness of Medical Education Departments. Quarterly Journal of Hospitals. 2010; 8(3 & 4): 57-67. Persian.
[17] Jafari P, Sa'idian N. The Peculiarities of the virtual university in order to provide a suitable model. Journal of Knowledge and Research in Educational Sciences. 2006; 1(12): 1-26. Persian.
[18] Deh-Bashi Sharif F, Zandi B, Zia Hosseini M, Ebrahimzadeh I, Alipour A. Creating a Teacher training course in virtual language education, a necessary step for the development of scientific participation in virtual communities. Journal of Social Research. 2011; 4(10): 111-135. Persian.
[19] Rezaei M, Mohammadi H, Asadi A, Kalantari K. Identifying the policies for electronic learning development in higher education in agriculture. Journal of Iranian Agricultural Economics and Development Research. 2011; 1(1): 57-66. Persian.
[20] Miladi H, Malek-Mohammadi I. Evaluating the application of electronic learning in higher education using factor analysis (Case study: students in the field of agricultural extension and education at Razi university). Journal of Agricultural Extension and Education Researches. 2010; 3(1): 15-29. Persian.
[21] Kheirandish M. The feasibility model of virtual training implementation. Quarterly Journal of Educational Strategies. 2011; 4(3): 137-142. Persian.
[22] Jahanian R, Eetebar Sh. Evaluation of the status of virtual education in E-learning centers of universities of Tehran from students' point of view. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Education. 2012; 2(4): 53-65. Persian.
[23] Afyuni S, Foroughi Abri A, Yarmohammadian MH. The feasibility study of the implementation of the virtual education course at Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan. Journal of Research in Curriculum Planning. 2012; 2(12): 80-92. Persian.
[24] Hosseini Larganie M. Investigating the factors affecting the development of the virtual university and its future in Iran. Journal of Research in Educational Systems. 2009; 3(7): 115-127. Persian.
[25] Samarbakhsh Tehrani Sh. The role of E-learning in improving language learning in the distance education system and evaluating its effectiveness. Peyk-Noor Magazine. 2006; 6(3): 172-185. Persian..
[26] Hosseini Larganie M, Mirrabad Razi R, Rezaei S. The obstacles to the development of E-learning in Iran’s education system. Journal of Management and Planning. 2008; 1(1): 47-59. Persian.
[27] Ismaili H, Rahmani Sh, Kazemi A, Ali Ahmadi M. Assessment of E-learning status in virtual education unit of Sistan and Baluchestan University. Journal of Public Management Researches. 2016; 9(34): 203-222. Persian.
[28] Eetezadi M, Arefi M, Aqakasiri Z. Problems of distance education centers from the point of view of teachers and middle school students in the city of Isfahan in the academic year 2009 – 2010. Journal of Science and Research in Educational Sciences-Curriculum. 2009; 23(23): 149-177. Persian.
[29] Rezaei Rad M. Identification of success factors in the implementation of E-learning program in higher education. Quarterly Journal of Research on Curriculum Planning. 2012; 2(6): 106-115. Persian.
[30] Abdollahi M, Zamani E, Ebrahimzadeh I, Zandi B, Zare H. A comparative study of the views of professors and executives on the main barriers to the participation of faculty members in virtual education courses. Technology Education Journal. 2010; 4(3): 203-214. Persian.
[31] Latif Nezhad Roodsari R, Jafari H, Hosseini L, Esflani A. Studying knowledge and attitude of students in Mashhad University of medical sciences toward E-learning. Journal of Medical Education. 2010; 10(4): 373-394. Persian.
[33] Shoaei Sh, Alavi T. Factors influencing the adoption of information technology by state universities of Tehran Technical School Librarians. Journal of Information Science and Technology. 2007; 10(3): 9-34.
[34]  Fahami R, Zare H. Factors affecting the acceptance of new technologies in virtual education using the technology acceptance model (case study: Payame Noor university of Isfahan). New Quarterly Journal of Management Education. 2013; 4(4): 67-80. Persian.
[35] Sanayeie A, Salimian H. Analysis of the factors affecting the acceptance of virtual education with emphasis on internal factors. Journal of Technology of Education. 2013; 7(4): 226-266. Persian.
[36] Yazdani F, Ebrahimzadeh I, Zandi B, AliPour A, Zare H. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the electronic learning system of the virtual faculty of Hadith sciences. Journal of Modern Thoughts in Education. 2010; 6(3): 137-183. Persian.
[37] Kanaani F. Presentation of a model for measuring the success of university electronic learning systems (master's thesis). Tarbiat Modares University; 2010. Persian.
[38] Javadi Bora MA, Ebrahimzadeh I, Farajollahi M, Sarmadi MR. Designing an evaluation model for the effectiveness of the distance education system at Payame Noor university. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Education. 2011; 2(1): 79-98. Persian.
[39] Fathi Vajargah K, Pardakhtchi MH, Rabiei M. Evaluation of the effectiveness of virtual education in Iran’s higher education system (case study: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad). Quarterly Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Education. 2011; 1(4): 5-21. Persian.
[40] Rahmanpour M, Liahatdar MJ, Afshar I. Investigating the challenges of culture and society and human resources for the development of information technology in Iran’s higher education from the viewpoints of graduate students. Quarterly Journal of Cultural Research. 2007; 10(2): 121-151. Persian.
[41] Fariborzi E, Bakar K. Factors influencing the effectiveness of courses in Iranian university E-learning centers. Intl J. Technology, Knowledge and Society. 2010; 6(1): 72-80.
[42] Rahnavard F, Mohammadi A. Identification of the key factors in the success of the KM system in Tehran universities and higher education institutions. Journal of Information Technology Management. 2009; 1(3): 37-52. Persian.
[43] Alirezaei M. A model for identifying and prioritizing effective factors for E-learning success. Paper presented at the 1st National Conference on Education in Iran, 1404, Tehran; 2011. Persian.
[44] Rezaei Rad M. Study of readiness of faculty members of Payame Noor University to use E-learning. Journal of Research in Curriculum Planning. 2012; 2(8): 110-116. Persian
[45] Mohammad Khani K, Mohammad Davoodi AH, Jalali A. Evaluation of effective factors on the success of virtual education at the research of Oil Industry Company. Quarterly Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences. 2014; 5(1): 143-162. Persian