Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Physical Education, Central Tehran University, Islamic Azad University, Tehran

2 Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, Tehran


Background and Objective:Today, the use of information technology is an integral part of jobs, especially management. Sports managers must be able to persuade technical experts to use information technology innovations to change the nature of the organization's jobs and affairs in order to be more productive and effective. If there is an obstacle to the use of information technology, the organization will no longer be effective and competitive. IT teaches managers how to repair an organization and start a new business, and how to be effective in relation to the environment and other organizations. Therefore, in case of problems in the implementation of information technology and there are obstacles in the way of its application in the organization, the organization will become an unusable ruin and compete with other organizations.
The purpose of this research was cognitive analysis of factors influencing the use of Information Technology based on change management at the Ministry of Sport and Youth of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Methods: The research method is descriptive-survey and the study is applied considering its purpose. The statistical population includes 812 employees of all sections of the Ministry of Sports and Youth in 2016. The statistical sample size was calculated on the basis of Cochran's formula. 261 people were randomly selected based on stratified sampling. To collect data, two standard and international questionnaires were used: TEM for IT and ADKAR for change management.
Findings:Data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics including Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, single sample t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression tests. The results showed that in the cognitive analysis, the barriers to the use of information technology from the perspective of change management are: perceived utility, willingness to use, attitude towards application, and finally, the perceived ease of use in the application of the priority of the first to fourth. The findings indicate the extent to which these components are applied and influenced by the use of technology in the Ministry of Sports and Youth.
Conclusion: When the use of a new technology, especially information technology, is supported by sports managers according to existing values and professional needs, the human resources of that organization will not only have more confidence in using information technology, but also a higher degree of perception and demonstrate the benefits of the system; and they will probably make better use of this technology. Therefore, some suggestions are presented below. Senior managers and those involved in sports pay more attention to the individual aspects of people working in the organization, provide the necessary training before the implementation of information systems and provide them with the benefits and capabilities of new technologies as well as usefulness and ease of use of technology components; also they need to familiarize themselves with information; involve others in the decisions that are made to use such technologies in order to get things done in less time or to facilitate the work process.


©2019 The author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers. 

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