Document Type : Review Paper


1 Department of Architecture, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran.,Iran

2 Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran. Iran


Background and Objective:Vocational technical education plays an important role in developing productive employment, improving the business environment, making the best use of opportunities and increasing efficiency in the community economy. Therefore, after acquiring specialized knowledge and skills in various fields, people can work in suitable jobs and as an entrepreneur meet the main needs of the country in the priority of expanding training and technical skills. One of the most important parts of any country's education system is the program of the vocational technical education system. Paying attention to it is one of the basic policies of the countries for training efficient human resources at the pre-university level. On the other hand, the important role of technical and vocational education in achieving economic, social and individual goals is not far from the scope of research. Since the late establishment of training organizations of interns and expert specialists in the country's technical and vocational fields, it has become necessary to indicative this issue as the main need of the developing society of Iran. Therefore, by assessing the need for professional technical community in the country, and to provide efficient manpower, the present situation has been addressed. Taking into account the factors consistent with strategic goals and international engagements (such as ISESCO & UNEVOC in the United Nations), it is necessary to develop to improve the current situation.
Methods: The methodology of this research is to investigate the professional technical education ability in Iran and to collect documents related to the goals and activities of strategy originators and implementers; to explain the amount of attention and sensitivity of the researches conducted during recent years. The research tool has analyzed in development of vocational education.
Findings:The research achievement is a suitable way to improve the process of professional technical education in Iran. The most important factors of efficiency include attention to the Attraction and employment status by 21%, the necessity to change the education system by 13% and finaly; the teaching-learning process by 8.5%, were alongside with other factors.
Conclusion: A review of the research process related to technical and vocational training during the years 2009 to 2017 in recent years shows that the research priorities based on the current conditions of the technical and vocational community, respectively, are: providing solutions, input and output factors, comparative studies, the need to review and transform the modeling with global goals, review the employment status and student recruitment, students' personality traits, provide a standard model of performance appraisal, educational environment, review of technical and professional books, trends Students, internal variables affecting performance, examining students' tendency to technical-vocational education and finally barriers to the development of technical-vocational education.


Main Subjects

©2019 The author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers. 

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