Document Type : Original Research Paper


Payam-e-Noor University, branch of Nahavand. Nahavand. Iran


Nowadays, due to increase in developing of a virtual learning system, constructing of an instrument for assessing the effectiveness of them is a useful action. So, this study was carried out with the aim of presenting an approach for assessing the effectiveness of teachers’ virtual in-service training from teachers’ view. The method of research was descriptive and statistical population of it included all teachers that have passed at least one e-course from teachers’ virtual in-service training system. The total numbers of teachers were 2040 people. Therefore, the 325 subjects were participating in the study. The related data gathered through a researcher-made questionnaire was used. This instrument is an adoption from Levy’s questionnaire. For determination of validity of the questionnaire, the content and formal validity was used. So, the Lawshe’s Content Validity Ratio was applied. The Content Validity Ratio was 0.63. For proving the reliability of it, the Cronbach’s Alpha test was used. Thus, the alpha for both value and satisfaction constructs respectively was 0.92 and 0.90. The results showed that there wasn’t any significant correlation between value and satisfaction constructs. So, value & satisfaction are independent constructs. Furthermore, the results of data analysis of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the using from four components in assessing the effectiveness of teachers’ virtual in-service-training was correct. Also, this analysis showed the instrument has construct validity. Also, on the basis of factor analysis, we understand the categorizing of characteristics in four components, supporting system quality; content quality; availability; technology is accurate.


Main Subjects

Fathi-Vajargah, K.; & Nasiri, F. (2005). Assessing the possibility of making an in-service virtual training system at ministry of education, Quarterly of Educational Innovating, Vol. 4, No. 11, pp. 44-65. [In Persian].
Stănescu, Monica; and Mușat, Nely (2015), Quality analysis model of the e-learning training system for sports occupations. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 180, pp. 1351 -1356.
  Kazempour, E.; and Ghafari, K. (2011), Assessing the possibility of making an in-service virtual training system at Islamic Azad University, Quarterly of New Ways in Educational Management, Vol. 2, No. 50, pp. 167-193. [In Persian].
Zakeri, A. (2002), Internet-based university. Quarterly of instruction for educational second-besting of Jehad-e-Dansesgahi, Vol. 5, No. 1. [In Persian].
Yazdani, F. (2012), Theoretical foundations of e-learning. Tehran: Chapar. [In Persian].
Cavus, Nadire; & Sharif Alhih, Muhammed (2014), Learning management systems use in science education, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 143, pp. 517 – 520.
Alavi, S.; Ebrahim-Zadeh, I.; Karimzadegan-Mogadam, D.; Ataran, M.; Ramin, M.; and Golsetan, B. (2009), Investigating about new approach of rapid e-learning at in-service tanning of personnel of Tehran medical science university, Quarterly of Iranian's Higher Education Association, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 67-87. [In Persian].
Levy, Yair. (2006), Assessing the value of e-learning systems. Hershey: Infosci.
Wang, Y. S., (2003), “Assessment of learner satisfaction with asynchronous electronic learning systems”. Information and Management, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 75-86.
Chute, A. G., M. M. Thompson & B. W. Hancock (1999). The handbook of distance learning. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Chau, B. B.; Dyson, L. E. (2004), Applying the ISO 9126 Model to the Evaluation of an E-learning System. From: .(Visited at: 12/February/2008).
Lanzilotti, R.; Ardito, C.and  Costabile, M. F.; (2006). eLSE Methodology: a Systematic Approach to the E-learning Systems Evaluation. From: (Visited at: 26/January/2009).
Ghaedi, B.; Ali-Asghari, M.and Ataran, M. (2007), Curriculum evaluating of virtual education of computer engineering field at Elm-o-Sanat University, in Iran, from students' and faculty members' point of view. Article collections of second e-learning seminar. University of Sistan-o-Balouchestan, Zahedan province, Iran. [In Persian].
Shee, Daniel, Y.; and Wang, Yi-Shun (2008), Multi-criteria evaluation of the web-based e-learning system: A methodology based on learner satisfaction and its applications. Computers & Education, Vol. 50, pp. 894–905.
Ozkan, Sevgi; and Koseler, Refika (2009). Multi-dimensional students’ evaluation of e-learning systems in the higher education context: An empirical investigation, Computers & Education, Vol. 53, pp. 1285–1296
Yazdani, F. (2011), Evaluating of effectiveness of e-learning system: the case of virtual college of Anecdote sciences of Shahr-e-rey. Tehran: doctoral dissertation, University of Paya-e-Noor. [In Persian].
Dvořáčková, Markéta; & Kostolányová, Kateřina (2012), Complex model of e-learning evaluation focusing on adaptive instruction. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 47, pp. 1068 – 1076
Bauk, Sanja I. (2015), Assessing Students’ Perception Of E-Learning In Blended Environment: An Experimental Study. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 191, pp. 323–329.
Misut, Martin; & Pribilova, Katarina (2015). Measuring of Quality in the Context of e-Learning. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 177, pp. 312 - 319.
Kerejcie, R. V.; and  Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities, Educational and psychological measurement, Vol. 30, pp. 602-609.
Fowler, F. J., (1993), Survey research methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publication.
Lawshe, C. H. (1975), A quantitative approach to content validity. Personal Psychology, 28, pp. 536-575.
Shultz, K.S., and Whitney, D. J. (2005),Measurement theory in action. London: Sage.
Straub, D. (1989), Validating instrument in MIS research. MIS Quarterly, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 147-170.
Kline, Paul, (1993), An easy guide to factor analysis. Rutledge. (First edition). ISBN: 0415094909.
Biabanghard, E. (2007), Research methods in education and psychology. Tehran: Doran. [In Persian].
Webster, J., and Hackley, P. (1997), Teaching effectiveness in technology-mediated distance learning. Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 1282-1309.
Rokeach, M. (1969). Beliefs, attitudes, and values. San Fransisco: Jossey-Basss, Inc., Publishers.