Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of Environmental Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran


: The aim of the present research is to become familiar with the awareness, type of attitude, and the environmental behaviors of the students of Markazi Province’s Payame Noor University and  examine the degree of the effect of Viber, Line and Instagram application on these variables. This research is an applied research regarding to its objective and the survey method among the descriptive data collection methods was used for the purposes of collecting the data. The population of the present study included 26701 students of Markazi Province’s PayameNoor University and 377 samples were selected randomly through the Cochran sample size formula and were examined. The instrument used in this research is a questionnaire made up of five sections which was piloted prior to the study in order to increase its reliability and validity. The data were analyzed through using the independent samples T test in order to examine the effects of using Viber, Line and Instagram on the dependent variables of the study (awareness, attitude, and environmental behavior) and the Pearson test was used to examine the effect of the resultant of using the three under- study software on the dependent variables by using the SPSS  software. Based on the findings of the study the attitude and behavior of the students were higher comparing to their awareness and there was no significant relationship between using Viber, Line and Instagram software and the students’ environmental behavior, attitude, and awareness.


Main Subjects

[1] Azimi.M.,Gholami M.Ramin Azad.M., Making clear indicators of environmental education based on science literacy standards in America of project 2061, the Fourteenth Conference on Environmental Education ,Tehran, 2013.[In Persian] [2] Barrett GW,Peles JD.Odum EP., Transcending processes and the level of organization concept, Bioscience, 1997, 47 (8): pp.51-53. [3] Duailibi,M..Ecological literacy: What are talking about? Convergence, 2006,39(4), pp. 65-68. [4] Shobeiri , M. , Abdullahi, S., Theory and Application of Environmental Education , Payame Noor University: Tehran ,2009. [In Persian] [5] Day and P. Greenwood., “ICT for rural development” InICT4D,T. Unwin, Ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009 , pp.321-359. [6] Vyogotsky.L., Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978 , pp. 216. [7] Selinger,M.,ICT in education: catalyst for development In ICT4D, T. Unwin, Ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009 , pp. 206-248. [8] Hus, V.,The use of ICT in the environmental studies subject. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2011, 15(0): pp. 3855- 3860. رابطه استفاده از نرمافزارهای وایبر، الین و اینستاگرام با ... نشریه علمی پژوهشی فناوری آموزش، جلد 9 ،شماره 4 ،تابستان 4994 179 [9] Elston,C,. Using ICT in the primary school. British Journal of Educational Technology, 2008, 39: 191. doi: 10.1111/j.1467- 8535.2007.00792_18.x. [10] Ghazavi , Gh. , Vali , A.A , The role of ICT in education , community development and Villagers to protect natural resources , the Conference on Application of ICT in the country , Tehran: Iran University of Science and Technology , Institute of Electronics, 2003. [In Persian] [11] Zangi Abad i, AS ., Ali Hoseyni,R., Spatial analysis of information and communication technology in the world , Journal of Geography and Environmental Studies, 2009, No. 1 , pp. 65-56 . [In Persian] [12] Mcclure,D.P,,Deployment of Broadband to Rural America and Evaluation of current Broadband Services to Rural American and the impact of Internet Public Policy on Broaband Deployment, Usiia(Us Internet Industery Association), 2008, . [13] Furuholt ,B.Stein,K.,A Rural-Urban Digital Divide? Regional Aspects of Internet Use in Tanzania ,Proceedings of the 9 International Conference on Social Implications in Computers, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2007. [14] Sam Kang ,B., Bridging the Digital Divide between Urban and Rural Areas: Experience of the Republic of Korea ,Escap Technical Paper ,Information and Communications Technology and Disaster Risk Reduction Division,Authorized for Distribution by Xuan Zengpei, 2009. [15] Salehi Omran , A., Agha Mohammadi,A. , Environmental Knowledge, attitude and skills of primary school teachers in the province 's Mazandaran , Journal of Education,2008, No. 95, pp.91-118 . [In Persian] [16] The Global Information Technology Report, 2014.