Background and Objectives: Disaster occurrences lead to a wide range of built environment destruction and physical damages and followed by a widespread need for reconstruction. However, international experiences and failures of architects in providing reconstruction and accommodation projects reveal the presence of gaps in academic learning views and special planning and designing needs in critical circumstances. Evidence suggests that the successful participation of architects and built environments professionals in reconstruction requires knowledge and expertise in creating a resilient environment and community in post-disaster complex situations. According to the issue, the present paper tries to evaluate and examine the efficacy of reconstruction education technology for architecture students in reconstruction after disaster department at Shahid Beheshti University in two phases. First; field trip to affected places, case study and group discussion after primary learning the basics, theories and perspectives of the reconstruction. Second; deepening and expanding the learned lessons using narrative technique in teaching and close participation in class discussions.
MethodS: The nature of the research is quasi-experimental, without control group and in the time period of a semester. Initially, with the aim of identifying the nature of the education technology process, a deep interview with professors of the reconstruction atelier were done. The main codes of this process were extracted by content analysis. Then, with the presence of the researcher in the atelier, through participatory observation, shared points and technologies of these ateliers were extracted and based on the professors’ viewpoint, they were corrected and confirmed. In the next step, the extracted process was measured by the longitudinal and pre-test and post-test research design, using a standard Student Evaluation of Educational Quality (SEEQ) questionnaire with 9 criteria. The research participants are freshmen students of post-disaster reconstruction postgraduate education, due to the lack of a specific mentality of the education process. Completing the questionnaires was performed at the beginning of the semester and then simultaneously with semester exams. In order to measure the findings validity, the research was carried out again in the academic semester of 2019-2020 and was performed by the 15-person group of new students. According to the findings with the lowest level of error, research findings were validated.
Findings: Based on the paired t-test of pre-test and post-test data, reconstruction education technology in the preparatory atelier, with 95% confidence level significantly increases the level of criteria such as learning lessons, enthusiasm toward the lesson and the curriculum of reconstruction, interactive learning, and positive evaluation of the instructor’s teaching. Also, in studying the two-way relationship of research criteria through Pearson correlation test, it has been determined that there are positive and meaningful relationships between the dual criteria of student's assessment of learning and the enthusiasm to course and instructor’s teaching evaluation and the desire to group interaction
Conclusion: According to efficacy of the technology in teaching practical and theoretical issues of post-disaster reconstruction to architecture students, it is suggested that it be considered in architectural design studios in order to enhan
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