Document Type : Original Research Paper


Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran


With changes in lifestyle, children’s daily experience is separating the natural world. Can be said of children and nature connection in today’s world is a failure and one of the most important places for re-establishing this connection are schools. What it said in this article is various aspects of functioning of nature in educational spaces. Difference in these aspects can be an important factor in how the design of natural spaces and how their presence in the educational spaces and spaces so this is efficient. This article recognition various nature’s potentials in the development and education of children and explores practical solutions for them.


Main Subjects

1 Louis Kahn 2 (Boss, 2001; Bullock & Foster-Harrison, 1997; Davis, 2004; Day, 2000,2001; Fiske, 1995; Gardner, 1999; Lamm, 1986; Nair, 2002; Papert, 1993). 3 (Berner,1992, 1995; Boss, 2001; Kolleeny, 2003; Lezotte & Passalacqua, 1978; Peters,2003) 4 (Dudek,2001; Hathaway, 1995; Luckiesh & Moss, 1940; Muir, 2001; Rice, 1953; Rittner-Heir, 2002; Romney, 1975; Tanner, 2000) 5 (Boss, 2001; Chan, 1980; Tanner & Langford, 2003) 6 Learning Environment 7 Effective Learning Environment 8 Outdoor education 9 Learning out of doors 10 Outdoor learning 11 Education out of doors 12 Education in nature 13 Authentic learning in landscapes 14 Johann Pestalozzi 15 John Dewey 16 Paolo Freiere 17 Patrick Geddes 18 Multiple Intelligences 19 Howard Gardner 20 Internalizing 21 About the Environment 22 In the Environment 23 For the Environment 34 Place Attachment 25 Place Identity 26 Social Space 27 (Piaget, 1962); (Biber, 1984); (Isenberg & Jalongo, 1997); (Bruner, Jolly & Sylva, 1976);(Barnett, 1991); (Sutton-Smith, 1979); (Vygotsky, 1994) 28 Indoor–Outdoor Connection 29 Interior and Exterior Vistas مراجع [1] Tanner C.K., The Influence Of School Architecture On Academic Achievement, Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2000, pp. 309–330. 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