Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Architecture & Urban Design, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran


Background and Objectives: Happiness is the highest level of positive emotion. Happiness is neurologically activated by a rapid decrease in nerve firing rate. Getting rid of physical pain, getting rid of worries, solving difficult problems, and winning an anxiety-provoking competition are examples of a pattern of reduced neurological arousal of happiness. Avoiding stressors and avoiding accelerating change is not possible. In such a situation, people can prepare themselves to effectively deal with stressful life situations that have already provided the possibility of well-being, mental and physical health. Therefore, recognizing the factors that lead to the well-being and mental health of individuals is of particular importance. Since the main purpose of mental well-being is to help all people achieve a fuller, happier life and to prevent mood, emotional and behavioral disorders, prevention of mental illness in order to create a healthy society is one of the main tasks of educational systems. Happiness is one of the most important and influential variables in human life. Happiness is a kind of meaning of life or one of its givers. The effect of happiness on life satisfaction is significant. The purpose of this study is to rebuild, validate, and standardize of the Argyle, Martin, and Crass land’s Oxford happiness scale (OHI). The scale consists of 29 items in terms of five areas of life satisfaction, self-esteem, well-being, mind satisfaction, and positive mood that have been made available to the participants.
Methods: The research method is descriptive-survey based on R factor analysis. The statistical population of the study was 200 students of architecture in four universities in Tehran, selected by simple random sampling method.
Findings: The results of this study indicate that in the Oxford happiness scale, argyle has five factors; self-respect, life satisfaction, mind satisfaction, well-being and positive mood, while in this study, the factors of hope, life satisfaction, well-being, positive mood and aesthetic sense have come to light and there are two differences: “the aesthetic sense” that is unique to the field of architecture and “the hope” is specific to for Iranian.
Conclusion: Finally, a comparative study of research in Oxford questionnaire between 1999 and 2007 was conducted with a 95% and 96% fitness index ratio in 2019.


Main Subjects

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