Technology-based learning environments
Standardization of the presence questionnaire (PQ3) in virtual learning environments: Persian translation and validation of the presence questionnaire

S. Khazai; M. Arefi

Volume 16, Issue 3 , July 2022, , Pages 467-482

  Background and Objectives: With the advent of e-learning, the educational perspective has changed. Following these changes and the separation of learners by the e-learning courses, a sense of isolation and alienation has been created  which has even become a threat to learning in these courses. ...  Read More

Construction and Validation and Standardization of the Questionnaire for Socialization in the traditional Iranian Bazaar with approaching to learn of traditional architecture

J. Mahdinezhad; B. Ssaleh Sedghpour; R. Najjari

Volume 13, Issue 3 , July 2019, , Pages 536-549

  Background and Objective:In tracing the recent crises of contemporary architecture, one of the roots of this crisis is the lack of attention and learning from traditional architecture in the educational system. Architecture education in Iran has been codified in the form of uniform programs, which has ...  Read More