Technology-based learning environments
Standardization of the presence questionnaire (PQ3) in virtual learning environments: Persian translation and validation of the presence questionnaire

S. Khazai; M. Arefi

Volume 16, Issue 3 , July 2022, , Pages 467-482

  Background and Objectives: With the advent of e-learning, the educational perspective has changed. Following these changes and the separation of learners by the e-learning courses, a sense of isolation and alienation has been created  which has even become a threat to learning in these courses. ...  Read More