malihe taghipour; aliakbar heidari; Khatereh Sajjadi
One of today's social issues is the expansion of behavioral abnormalities in children, which is reflected in aggressive behaviors. Prevention of such behaviors is one of the most important priorities of families and educational institutions. Schools as the first social institution, plays a significant ...
One of today's social issues is the expansion of behavioral abnormalities in children, which is reflected in aggressive behaviors. Prevention of such behaviors is one of the most important priorities of families and educational institutions. Schools as the first social institution, plays a significant role in promoting social skills and controlling such aggressive behaviors. Accordingly, the study tries to evaluate the impact of the school environment on the reduction of aggressive behaviors in children. Among the spaces in the school, the yard was selected as the most common space, and its spatial-physical characteristics were evaluated in six schools in Shiraz. The research method is descriptive-analytic based on quantitative and qualitative strategies. A semi-structured questionnaire and interview with students and teachers were used. The results indicated that among the various spatial features of the school yard, green area in the yard, as well as the diversity of open and semi-open spaces in the school yard, had the greatest effect on reducing student behavioral disorder.
Hadi Keshmiri; Khatereh Sajjadi
Background and Objectives: Satisfaction with the environment is one of the human aspirations, in the other words, satisfaction is an ideal concept that provides an appropriate context for empowering individuals and socializing them in order to participate and interfere in their affairs and ultimately ...
Background and Objectives: Satisfaction with the environment is one of the human aspirations, in the other words, satisfaction is an ideal concept that provides an appropriate context for empowering individuals and socializing them in order to participate and interfere in their affairs and ultimately in the field of social development. In this regard, one of the roles of designers and architects has been to create a suitable relationship between humans and their environment. Therefore, considering the importance of life satisfaction, educational spaces should provide this feeling of satisfaction for their users. One of the main goals of educational spaces is to achieve success and academic achievement, which in order to improve their goals, should create a suitable and quality space in all dimensions to improve the comprehensive skills for students. In order to stimulate students to learn, learning environment must be effective, safe, capable, positive, personalized, and responsive to the needs of students. Therefore, it has been very important to attention to the environment and environmental factors in providing students' satisfaction and ultimately their academic success. For this reason, one of the subsets of behavioral sciences, has been called environmental psychology that addressed on various human behaviors. In this study, the relationship between satisfactions of effective environmental factors with academic success has been considered among students. The purpose of this study was to identify the effective environmental factors of the university on students' academic achievement and then to evaluate the effectiveness of these factors. Methods: The base method in this research is qualitative but for considering to investigate the results the quantitative and qualitative research method has been used. Therefore, library studies and Observational research have been used to discover the relationship between variables. In the quantitative section, two standard questionnaires were prepared among PhD students of architecture in Azad University of Shiraz, both of which had acceptable validity and reliability. A questionnaire was used to measure the students' satisfaction with the environmental factors of the university, and another questionnaire was used to measure the academic achievement of the same students. The statistical population of the study was calculated using Cochran's formula, which included 54 PhD students, and the results of the questionnaires were extracted by performing statistical calculations in SPSS software. Findings:According to the research findings, with increasing level of satisfaction with environmental factors of university, academic achievement also increased and this correlation was about 0.308 By calculating the Pearson coefficient, which indicates a significant relationship and indicates individual adjustment with university. Students with a high level of satisfaction with the environmental factors of the university had very good grades and academic performance and students who were dissatisfied with their studies were not very successful. Conclusion: According to the research findings, environmental factors such as light, thermal comfort, spatial proportions, furniture, green space, entrance, accessibility, noise, materials and colors have been studied. Among these factors, the highest level of satisfaction in environmental factors is furniture, spatial proportions and light, and other environmental factors have had a positive effect on the quality and educational efficiency of the university environment.
Kh. Movahed; Kh. Sajadi
Background and Objectives:Using the architectural environment as an educational tool requires identifying environmental criteria that affect the quality of users' learning. By recognizing the criteria affecting the arrangement and order of space, we can explain the principles for better design of the ...
Background and Objectives:Using the architectural environment as an educational tool requires identifying environmental criteria that affect the quality of users' learning. By recognizing the criteria affecting the arrangement and order of space, we can explain the principles for better design of the learning environment and minimize the amount of learning disruption. On the other hand, schools, as the most important spaces for training human resources, play an important role in increasing the learning of people in society. Therefore, designing appropriate environments for the comprehensive development of students is a necessity. School is a social center, and its purpose is to learning lessons and learning social behavior. Behaviors are related to the physical environment in which human beings are located, so the formation of behaviors are influential in the qualities of educational spaces. Researchers have studied the role of the factors such as light, ventilation, heating and cooling, lighting, and etc. on learning process by studying the behavioral patterns of children in educational spaces. The most important element of a classroom with high productivity is its suitable furniture. In this study, the function and performance of furniture on student learning were studied. The purpose of this research is to design optimized educational environments in order to improve the quality of learning. Methods: The research method is correlational and the sources of environmental psychology and One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used. The case study is three classrooms in a school with the same lighting and air condition. Study on learning behavior was investigated by changing the furniture of the educational space using Excel software and SPSS. Findings: The results indicated positive effects of the spatial layout in the educational spaces, and the classroom can be a teacher for learning motivation. Conclusion: This research has been compiled on one of the important factors affecting the quality of school students' learning. As mentioned earlier, different factors play a role in the quality of learning or the combination of factors gives better results; among these factors, we can mention the relationship between educational space and green space, playing music, predicting freedom of movement and movement in space, the ability to sit and rest, eating and drinking, etc. According to the analysis of the findings, the research hypothesis was proven. And flexibility in the body of the learning environment will arouse the children's curiosity and lead to their creativity. In the educational environment, the arrangement of students' desks and chairs causes their active and two-way communication with the environment. Finally, furniture can be considered as one of the effective factors in learning and stimulating curiosity. The quality of the physical environment is directly related to the amount of learning, and the design of the interior space in the educational environment can increase students' learning and their progress.