Peer Review Process
The peer review process for journal publication is essentially a quality control mechanism. It is a process by which experts evaluate scholarly works, and its objective is to ensure a high quality of published science. However, peer reviewers do not make the decision to accept or reject papers. At most, they recommend a decision. At peer-reviewed journals, decision-making authority rests solely with journal editors or the journal’s editorial board. Indeed, it is the journal editor who is considered to be central to the decision making process.
Journal Decision-Making Process
Each manuscript is first initial screened by the editor and if its subject matter is suitable for the possible consideration and its content is relatively mature, it will be presented to the editorial board meeting according to the below flowchart. It will then be sent to two to three reviewers. If an article is accepted by the reviewers, it will be presented at the editorial board meeting and after the approval, it will reach the author's information system through the editor in chief and after the final corrections, the paper will be published by the publisher. It should be noted that before the final acceptance, the corresponding author must complete, sign and send the copyright and conflict of interest forms on behalf of himself and other co-authors to the Journal Office.