Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of Islamic Design, Faculty of Islamic Design, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran


Background and Objective:Creativity, is one of the great features of human thinking. One of the creative support strategies in cognitive education and increasing creativity is designing educational space. The educational space designed to enhance creativity should provide students with the opportunity to learn by being in a position beyond the classroom. Accordingly, the educational space designed based on cognitive education should, while acquainting students with creativity in solving problems, invite them to discovery and search and encourage them to experience and manipulate phenomena. One of the main priorities of the cognitive education is strengthening students' creativity and increasing their ability to solve open problems.  Also, creativity and initiative are very important for the scientific growth and development of the country. A society that can provide creativity for the younger generation, especially students, will certainly benefit from scientific growth and prosperity. As the authority, ministry of education can create a suitable platform for the intellectual development of students in this regard. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal design of the educational environment for the promotion of creativity.
Methods: The present study was a correlational design that was carried out using a precondition method. The statistical population of this study was all high school students in Tabriz during the academic year of 2017-18. 370 of them were selected as the sample and the questionnaire of optimal design of educational space and creativity was distributed among them. Data were collected using SPSS software version 19 cases were analyzed. Statistical analysis of the data was Pearson correlation coefficient and regression.
Findings: The findings showed that there is a significant relationship between variation in space detail, the use of natural materials, variability in coloration, variety in lighting, flexible and flexible space, and the existence of flower and plant with cognitive creativity. This difference is significant at P Conclusion: The design of educational spaces, such as schools, is valuable because, on average, each person spends about 14,000 hours of their lives in the educational space, from elementary school to high school.
However, many school buildings have been severely damaged for a variety of reasons, which is inconsistent with the attractive environment for increased creativity. In such educational spaces the physical space of the school and the environment of the students' souls and minds cause fatigue, disruption of concentration, and indiscipline in scholars, and therefore the realization of the desired goals in the field of creativity, encounter new problems. The diversity of natural elements has a great impact on promoting children's creativity. For example, plants with different shapes, colors, and sizes of flowers and leaves in different seasons contribute to space diversity, as well as different colors of the light spectrum using colored glass or creating pools of water, waterfalls, aquariums, and fountains would contribute to variety. Playing with water, planting plants by oneself and the like have a great impact on promoting motivation and releasing emotions and can be a good facilitator for student participation in group activities. Based on the findings of this study, educational providers are recommended to consider environmental components and external education in students' creativity, and take into account students' and students' environments


Main Subjects

©2019 The author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, as long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers. 

[1] Hosseini A. The nature of creativity and breeding methods. Mashhad: Astan Quds Razavi.; 2005. Persian.
[7] Bagheri HR, Azamaty HR. Improving children's creativity in the school environment, Journal of Curriculum Studies. 2010; 6(22): 184-163. Persian
[8] Karimi Azari, A. Principles of effective design to increase the creativity of children in the residential area. [doctoral dissertation] University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran; 2015. Persian
[9] Besadi M, Muzaffar F, Hosseini S. The Space Features Effective on the Creativity of Researchers at the Center for Architectural and Urban Studies, Journal of Learning Technologies. 2014; 7 (1): 249-239. Persian
[11] Shafaeian M. Design Ideas for Kindergartens with the Approach to Promoting Children's Creativity in Iran [doctoral dissertation] Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.; 2009. Persian
[12] Shafaeian M, Madani R. Principles of designing children's educational spaces based on creativity model. Quarterly Journal of Technology Education. 2013; 4(4): 12-25. Persian
[13] Azamaty HR. Principles of urban park development based on children's creativity promotion [doctoral dissertation] Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran; 2008.  Persian
[16] Nogrekar A, Mozaffar F, Saleh B. Preschool space design based on the relationship between creativity traits and architectural ideas. Quarterly Journal of Educational Innovations. 2009; 32(8): 23-45. Persian
[17] Shatrian R. Design and architecture of educational spaces. Tehran: Sayyam Danesh Publication; 2008. Persian.
[18] Tabaian S, Abedi A. The view of high and high school students about the color space and the ways to improve the quality of the educational environment. Magazine Educational Innovations. 2011; 10(38): 106-39. Persian