Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University of Kerman, Baghin Branch, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran


Background and Objective:The advent of new technologies has led to major changes in the classroom that caused changes in educational structures, patterns of behavior within the education system, and even instructional content. The use of teaching aids reflects the fact that the age of the teacher as the only force with educational authority has ended. Traditional educational classes are no longer very effective because they depend on specific time and place and cannot provide a real and appropriate context for learning. New technologies provide rich resources that can provide an opportunity for learners to grow. Today, one of the effective factors in motivating students is to use information and communication technology in education. In addition, one of the important goals of teaching and learning is to help students learn how to think productively by combining high-level thinking (evaluating ideas) with creative thinking (creating new ideas). Using modern information and communication technologies, students and teachers are aided to learn and improve thinking skills. Augmented reality is one of the new educational technologies that has been recognized by educational researchers. The effectiveness of augmented reality can be extended to other types of technology, such as mobile devices. The use of smartphones has led augmented reality applications to overspread in almost every area of study. The purpose of this study thus was the effect of educational augmented reality on perceived motivational atmosphere and high level thinking in students.
Methods: The methodology of research was Quasi-experimental, with pretest-posttest and control. The population of the study was all second grade high school students in twelve Tehran city. 60 of them were selected by cluster sampling method and were replaced in two groups (30 person experimental groups and 30 person control groups). The research tools consisted of a perceived motivational atmosphere questionnaire and a high level of thinking by Saramd et al (2011). The experimental group was trained in six sessions of one-hour with educational augmented reality. Data analysis was performed using SPSS24 software and to test the research hypotheses used from multivariate covariance analysis.
Findings: The findings of the study showed that the effect of educational augmented reality on perceived motivational atmosphere and high level thinking in the experimental group was significantly higher than of the control group. Also, the effect of educational augmented reality on the component of follow up progress by students in the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group, but on the other components of perceived motivational atmosphere, there was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups.
Conclusion: The results showed that augmented educational reality affects the perceived motivational atmosphere and high-level thinking of students and improves the perceived motivational atmosphere and high-level thinking in students. Educational augmented reality also influences one of the components of motivational atmosphere (student follow-up progress). Because the most important advantage of augmented reality is its unique ability to create mixed learning environments using a combination of digital and physical objects, in this way, skills such as critical thinking, problem solving, and communication through shared exercises are easily developed; and with the use of this technology and interaction with it, students' motivation increases. This technology helps students collect, process, and recall information. In addition, it will lead to interesting and joyful learning for students. Using augmented reality in teaching to provide students with teaching materials is one of the best teaching and learning methods; students can solve scientific problems virtually by wearing augmented reality glasses or taking a mobile phone camera on textbooks in the environment. They see the real things and easily understand everything. Therefore, it increases students' motivation and helps them to acquire better skills.


Main Subjects

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