Background and Objectives: One of the most important principles in educational organizations and institutions is human capital and that talent management can help promote it. The main purpose of this study is to "present the talent management model of high school principals in Shiraz".
Methods: The present study is an applied in terms of purpose. This research is a descriptive survey in terms of data collection method. The instrument used in this study was a 39-item researcher-made questionnaire. In the pilot study, there were several tools and questionnaires in the field of talent management that these questionnaires examined only the three dimensions of attracting, retaining and promoting talent management. Therefore, in order to use more accurate tools, a researcher-made questionnaire has been developed. Due to the use of a researcher-made questionnaire from the heuristic factor analysis test through the validity of the construct has been confirmed. In order to compile the questionnaire, first by studying the existing empirical background and some resources related to talent management, the main components affecting talent management were identified and counted. In this research, exploratory factor analysis has been used to select the number of factors and special value. Eigenvalue is the amount of variance of all tests extracted by factors. According to this criterion, the minimum eigenvalue for factor selection is greater than one. The results of KMO and Bartlett tests were very suitable for factor analysis for research data. Because the value of KMO index is equal to 0.768 and the level of significance of this test is 0.000. Therefore, it can be said that the data have an acceptable appropriat eness for the factor analysis test. Finally, the reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha method and the total alpha was 0.899, which confirmed the high reliability of the questionnaire. The statistical population of this study includes all principals of secondary schools in Shiraz, which includes a total of 188 schools in four education districts of Shiraz, which were selected by the principals of these schools.
Findings: Structural equation test showed the order of path coefficient value from highest to lowest as following: (1) talent evaluation and discovery component; (2) the talent acquisition component and the third was related to the talent retention component, the fourth was the talent promotion, and finally, the fifth, to the development and training component. The results of Friedman rank test show that according to the degree of freedom (4) and Chi-square (856/139) and the level of significance (0.000), the five components studied have different means. The highest average is related to the talent absorption component (average 5) in the first rank and in the second rank the development and education component (average 3.84), talent retention in the third rank (average 2.41), the fourth rank in talent promotion (average 2.08 ) And is in the fifth and final rank of talent assessment and discovery (average 1.67).
Conclusion: The results of the research showed that several components such as development and education, evaluation and discovery of talent and talent promotion affect the talent management of principals in schools. It is necessary to apply the talent management model in a practical way in order to promote human capital in education.
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