Background and Objectives: Educating creative people is one of the important goals of educational systems. Undoubtedly, using educational models appropriate to educational content provides a suitable platform for achieving this goal. Innovative and 5 E patterns lead to increasing student creativity. In the innovation model, the student tries to look at the problem with a new perspective and turn it into a familiar problem by analogy and simile. In the 5E inclusive model, the student discovers relationships, solutions, and concepts through participation in a variety of activities. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of educational interventions based on innovation and 5E patterns on the academic performance of 9th grade students’ geometry.
Methods: The research method was quasi-experimental in which pre-test, post-test design with control group was used. From the statistical population of 9th grade female students of Tehran public high schools, 3 classes, each class included 30 students as a sample, were selected by convenience sampling method. Then two classes were randomly selected as experimental groups of innovation and 5E and one class as control group. Data collection instruments included researcher-made performance tests tailored to innovation models and 5E, while the reliability and validity of these tests were assessed only for group 5E and the results were generalized for innovation groups and 5E. In order to collect the data, at the first phase, performance pre-tests based on the basic geometric concepts were administrated for innovation, 5E and control groups. Then, the content based on innovation and 5E patterns and the traditional method for innovation, 5E and control groups were implemented by the researcher in 8 sessions for 60 minutes in five consecutive weeks. Finally, the researcher-made post-test based on the geometric concepts was run for innovation, 5E and control groups. To analyze the data descriptive statistics (including mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics containing Kolmogrov Smirnov (to check the normality of the data) and the ANOVA were used by SPSS statistical software.
Findings: The results of the research in the descriptive statistics section showed that the mean difference between the pretest tests of the performance tests of the innovation groups with 2.73 and 5E with 3.16 compared to the control group with 0.42 showed significant differences. Also in the inferential statistics section, the results of the ANOVA test for pretests of the innovation, 5E and control groups indicated that the academic level of the students of innovation, 5E and control groups was the same. (0.05 <0.963). The results of the ANOVA test for post-tests of innovation, 5E, and control groups showed that 5E and innovation had a positive effect on the performance of 9th grade students in geometry. (0.00 <0.05).
Conclusion: The use of innovation models and 5E led to students’ performance, so the educational system should emphasize the use of the methods that aim to increase interaction and cooperation between students. Therefore, it is suggested that the necessary training should be introduced in the curriculum of teacher training in order to get acquainted with and apply active teaching methods such as Baybi. Also, the content of textbooks should be organized based on active teaching methods, so that these methods can be taught and implemented in teaching materials. This research has been accompanied by limitations that may affect the generalizability of the research findings. Because it is not possible for the researcher to control disturbing variables such as intelligence and gender, these variables have some effect on the results. Also, due to time and space constraints and the issue of necessary permissions, this study was conducted only among 9th grade female students. Naturally, increasing the sample will lead to more accurate results.
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