طراحی اکوسیستم کارآفرینی پردیس دانشگاهی با رویکرد مدلسازی ساختاری- تفسیری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه کارآفرینی فناورانه- دانشکده کارآفرینی- دانشگاه تهران- تهران - ایران

2 کارآفرینی فناورانه، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشجوی دکتری دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

4 دانشکده کارآفرینی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

چکیده
بررسی سیاستهای آموزش عالی کشورهای توسعه یافته در طراحی و توسعه اکوسیستم کارآفرینی دانشگاهی به یکی از موضوعات نوین و مهم پژوهشی در حوزه های آموزش عالی و اکوسیستم کارآفرینی دانشگاهی تبدیل شده است. از این رو تغییر رویکرد دانشگاهها از برنامه ریزی آموزشی و پژوهشی صرف به رویکرد ایجاد اکوسیستم کارآفرینی پردیس دانشگاهی مورد توجه دانشگاههای مطرح دنیا قرار گرفته است. هدف اصلی این پژوهش طراحی مدل ایجاد اکوسیستم کارآفرینانه پردیس دانشگاهی با پیکره بندی و سطح بندی عوامل اثرگذار بر آن است. در این پژوهش ابتدا با استفاده از رویکرد کیفی، مصاحبه عمیق و اکتشافی با 20 نفر از متخصصان وخبرگان جامعه تحقیق صورت گرفت و سپس با روش کدگذاری باز و محوری 9 عامل محوری موثر بر ایجاد اکوسیستم کارآفرینانه پردیس دانشگاهی بدست آمد. سپس از روش مدلسازی ساختاری- تفسیری جهت پیکره بندی اجزای مدل استفاده شد که این عوامل نه گانه در سه سطح طبقه بندی گشت و مدل اکوسیستم کارآفرینی پردیس دانشگاهی ارائه شده است.

چکیده تصویری

طراحی اکوسیستم کارآفرینی پردیس دانشگاهی با رویکرد مدلسازی ساختاری- تفسیری

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Entrepreneurial University Campus Ecosystem (EUCE) Design with Interpretive Structural Modelling

نویسندگان [English]

  • MohamadReza Meigounpoory 1
  • Abolghasem Arabiun 2
  • mohammad mahdi poorbasir 3
  • ali Mobini Dehkordi 4
1 Entrepreneurship faculty, university of tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 technopreneurship,entrepreneurship faculty, university of Tehran
3 PhD student,Entrepreneurship faculty, university of Tehran
4 entrepreneurship faculty of Tehran university
چکیده [English]

ABSTRACT
The study of the higher education policies for university entrepreneurship ecosystem creation has become one of the major new and important topics in the field of higher education and university entrepreneurship ecosystems. Hence, changing the approach from purely educational and research planning to the establishment of the university campus entrepreneurship ecosystem has been attended by the world's leading universities. Current paper aims to design a model for creating an Entrepreneurial University Campus Ecosystem (EUCE) with the configuration and leveling of the factors. Hence using a qualitative approach, an in-depth and exploratory interview was conducted with 20 experts from the research population. Then, using open and axial coding method, 9 axial factors were identified. The axial factors affecting the creation of Entrepreneurial University Campus Ecosystem (EUCE) have been classified using an Interpretive Structural method. A questionnaire was designed and distributed among 28 academic and field experts. A group of five experts on EUCE has studied the completed questionnaires and determined the relations between subject to disagreement components. Then, Interpretive Structural Modelling was built using Matlab software to develop an EUCE model.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurial Ecosystem
  • Entrepreneurial University Ecosystem
  • Entrepreneurial University Campus Ecosystem
  • Interpretive Structural Modelling
  • entrepreneurial university

 [1] Morris, M. H., Kuratko, D. F., & Cornwall, J. R. (2013). Entrepreneurship programs and the modern university. Edward Elgar Publishing.

 

 [2] Dickson, P. H., Solomon, G. T., & Weaver, K. M. (2008). Entrepreneurial selection and success: does education matter?. Journal of small business and enterprise development, 15(2), 239-258.

 

[3] Shane, S. (2009). Why encouraging more people to become entrepreneurs is bad public policy. Small business economics, 33(2), 141-149.

 

[4] Mason, C., & Brown, R. (2014). Entrepreneurial ecosystems and growth oriented entrepreneurship. Final Report to OECD, Paris, 30(1), 77-102.

 

[5] Toledano, N., & Urbano, D. (2008). Promoting entrepreneurial mindsets at universities: a case study in the South of Spain. European Journal of International Management, 2(4), 382-399.

 

[6] Lee, S. M., & Peterson, S. J. (2000). Culture, entrepreneurial orientation, and global competitiveness. Journal of world business, 35(4), 401-416.

 

[7] Theodotou, M., (2012). Cyprus Entrepreneurship Ecosystem:A roadmap for economic growth., ISNB Number: 978-9963-2863-0-0

 

[8] Malecki, E. J. (2011). Connecting local entrepreneurial ecosystems to global innovation networks: open innovation, double networks and knowledge integration. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 14(1), 36-59.

 

 [9] Fetters, M., Greene, P. G., & Rice, M. P. (Eds.). (2010). The development of university-based entrepreneurship ecosystems: global practices. Edward Elgar Publishing.

 

 [10] Miller, D. J., & Acs, Z. J. (2017). The campus as entrepreneurial ecosystem: the University of Chicago. Small Business Economics, 49(1), 75-95.

 

[11] Morris, M. H., Shirokova, G., & Tsukanova, T. (2017). Student entrepreneurship and the university ecosystem: a multi-country empirical exploration. European Journal of International Management, 11(1), 65-85.

 

[12] Isenberg, D. (2011). The entrepreneurship ecosystem strategy as a new paradigm for economic policy: Principles for cultivating entrepreneurship. Presentation at the Institute of International and European Affairs.

 

[13] Isenberg, D. J. (2010). How to start an entrepreneurial revolution. Harvard business review, 88(6), 40-50.

 

[14]WEF (World Economic Forum) (2014) Entrepreneurial Ecosystems around the Globe and Early-Stage Company Growth Dynamics, World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland.

 

[15] Rideout, E. C., & Gray, D. O. (2013). Does entrepreneurship education really work? A review and methodological critique of the empirical literature on the effects of university‐based entrepreneurship education. Journal of Small Business Management, 51(3), 329-351.

 

[16] Matlay, H. (2008). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial outcomes. Journal of small business and enterprise development, 15(2), 382-396.

 

[17] Sieger, P., Fueglistaller, U., & Zellweger, T. (2014). Student entrepreneurship across the globe: a look at intentions and activities.

 

[18] Tansley, A. G. (1935). The use and abuse of vegetational concepts and terms. Ecology, 16(3), 284-307.

 

[19] Stam, E. (2015). Entrepreneurial ecosystems and regional policy: a sympathetic critique. European Planning Studies, 23(9), 1759-1769.

 

[20] Van de Ven, H. (1993). The development of an infrastructure for entrepreneurship. Journal of Business venturing, 8(3), 211-230.

 

[21] Mason, C. M., & Harrison, R. T. (2006). After the exit: Acquisitions, entrepreneurial recycling and regional economic development. Regional Studies, 40(1), 55-73

 

[22] Iansiti, M., & Levien, R. (2004). Keystones and dominators: Framing operating and technology strategy in a business ecosystem. Harvard Business School, Boston, 24-25.

 

 

[23] Durst, S., & Poutanen, P. (2013, June). Success factors of innovation ecosystems-Initial insights from a literature review. In Proceedings of Co-Create 2013: The Boundary-Crossing Conference on Co-Design in Innovation (pp. 16-19). Espoo, Finland: Aalto University.

 

 

[24] Etzkowitz, H. (1983). Entrepreneurial scientists and entrepreneurial universities in American academic science. Minerva, 21(2-3), 198-233.

 

[25] Etzkowitz, H. (2003). Research groups as ‘quasi-firms’: the invention of the entrepreneurial university. Research policy, 32(1), 109-121.

 

[26] Mian, S. A. (2006, May). Can entrepreneurial university model help Pakistan leapfrog into the knowledge economy? Some reflections. In Proceedings of First International Conference on Assessing Quality in Higher Education, Lahore, December (pp. 11-13).

 

[27] Guerrero, M., & Urbano, D. (2012). The development of an entrepreneurial university. The journal of technology transfer, 37(1), 43-74.

 

[28] Gibb, A. (2005). Towards the entrepreneurial university: Entrepreneurship education as a lever for change (Policy paper). National Council for Graduate Entrepreneurship, Birmingham, 3.

 

[29] Röpke, J. (1998). The entrepreneurial university. Innovation, academic knowledge creation and regional development in a globalized economy, Department of Economics, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany.(e-mail: roepke@ wiwi. uni-marburg. de) Google Scholar.

 

[30] Clark, B. R. (1998). Creating entrepreneurial universities: organizational pathways of transformation. Issues in Higher Education. Elsevier Science Regional Sales, 665 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10010

 

[31] Etzkowitz, H. (2004). The evolution of the entrepreneurial university. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 1(1), 64-77.

 

[32] Barnes, T., Pashby, I., & Gibbons, A. (2002). Effective University–Industry Interaction:: A Multi-case Evaluation of Collaborative R&D Projects. European Management Journal, 20(3), 272-285.

 

[33] Jacobs, J. (1961). The death and life of American cities.

 

[34] Florida, R. (2002). The rise of the creative class and how it’s transforming work, life, community and everyday life (Paperback Ed.).

 

[35] Graham, R. (2014). Creating university-based entrepreneurial ecosystems: evidence from emerging world leaders. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

 

[36] Isenberg, D. (2014). What an entrepreneurship ecosystem actually is. Harvard Business Review, 5, 1-7.

 

 [37] Nelson, A. J., & Monsen, E. (2014). Teaching technology commercialization: introduction to the special section. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 39(5), 774-779.

 

[38] Fu, E., Hsia, T. Universities and Entrepreneurial Ecosystems: Elements of the Stanford-Silicon Valley Success. From http://www.kauffmanfellows.org/journal_posts/universities-and-entrepreneurial-ecosystems-stanford-silicon-valley-success/..

 

[39] Turner, F. J. (1893). The significance of the frontier in American history.

 

[40] Biernacki, P., & Waldorf, D. (1981). Snowball sampling: Problems and techniques of chain referral sampling. Sociological methods & research, 10(2), 141-163.

 

[41] Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Procedures and techniques for developing grounded theory.

 

[42] Kvale, S. (1996). Interviews: An Introduction to qualitative research interviewing. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage..

 

 [43] Warfield, J. N. (1974). Developing interconnection matrices in structural modeling.