رابطه بین سبک‏های نظارتی والدین و امنیت اینترنتی فرزندان در میان دانش‏ آموزان دختر و پسر شهر دزفول

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هیات علمی دانشگاه اصفهان، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، گروه علوم تربیتی

2 گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد دزفول، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، دزفول، ایران

3 دکترای تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه فدرال کازان-روسیه

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطه بین سبک های نظارتی والدین و امنیت اینترنتی فرزندان در میان دانش‏آموزان دبیرستانی دختر و پسر است. روش پژوهش حاضر از نوع پژوهشهای توصیفی از نوع همبستگی(الگوسازی معادله ساختاری) بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کلیه دانش‏آموزان مدارس متوسطه دوم شهر دزفول و والدین ایشان در سال تحصیلی 97- 96تشکیل می‌دهند که با توجه به حجم نمونه بر اساس جدول کرجسی و مورگان 375 نفر تعیین شد. برای نمونه گیری از روش طبقه‏ای نسبتی و نمونه‏گیری تصادفی خوشه‏ای استفاده شد. به منظور جمع‏آوری داده‏ها از دو پرسشنامه استاندارد تعیین سبک‏های نظارتی والدین (2007) و پرسشنامه محقق‏ساخته بررسی امنیت اینترنتی فرزندان در مقیاس لیکرتی استفاده شد. در تجزیه و تحلیل آماری از توزیع فراوانی، میانگین، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، رگرسیون، و آزمون مدل معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد بین سبک‏های نظارت اینترنتی والدین و امنیت اینترنتی فرزندان بطور مستقیم رابطه وجود دارد. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد بین سبک‏های نظارت اینترنتی والدین و میزان امنیت اینترنتی فرزندان تفاوت وجود دارد و این تفاوت معنادار است. در نهایت می توان گفت برخورد صمیمانه والدین با فرزندان و کنترل مناسب آنان اعتماد بیشتری را در میان اعضای خانواده فراهم می کند.

چکیده تصویری

رابطه بین سبک‏های نظارتی والدین و امنیت اینترنتی فرزندان در میان دانش‏ آموزان دختر و پسر شهر دزفول

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Parenting Styles and Internet safety of Children among Male and Female Students of Dezful

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sayedamin Azimi 1
  • Gholamreza Aslani 2
  • Nasim Soleimani 3
1 Department of Education, Faculty of Education and psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Education, Dezful Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dezful, Iran
3 PhD of Educational Technology, Kazan Federal university, Russia
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between parental supervisory styles and Internet safety of children among male and female students of high school. Descriptive correlational (structural equation modeling) method was used at this study. All the second grade students of high school in Dezful and their parents in the academic year of 97-96 were statistical population of this study. According to the sample size, 375 people were selected. Stratified sampling method and random cluster sampling were used for sampling. Two standard questionnaires of determining parental supervisory styles and a researcher-made questionnaire of checking the internet safety of children were used to collect data. The results showed that there is a significant difference between the parenting styles and the level of internet safety of children. Parents' cordial behavior with their children and their proper control give more confidence among family members. The child who feels such a climate feels safe in expressing his Internet needs, the things that are encountered in using the Internet, as well as the questions and problems encountered when using the Internet will be more comfortable to discuss the these issues with parent.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Parents"
  • "Children"
  • "Internet"
  • "Parenting Styles"
  • "Internet Safety"

[1] Hadlington, L. J. (2015). Cognitive failures in daily life: Exploring the link with Internet addiction and problematic mobile phone use. Computers in Human Behavior, 51, 75-81.

[2] Livingstone, S., Davidson, J., Bryce, J., Millwood Hargrave, A., & Grove-Hills, J. (2012). Children's online activities, risks and safety. the UK evidence base.

[3] Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. Journal of Early Adolescence, 11(1), 56-96.

[4] Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. A. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: parentechild interaction. In P. H. Mussen, Series Ed., & E. M. Hetherington, Vol. Ed. (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology (4th ed.). Socialization, personality, and social development, Vol. 4 (pp. 1-101) New York: Wiley.

[5] Park, S. K., Kim, J. Y., & Cho, C. B. (2008). Prevalence of Internet addiction and correlations with family factors among South Korean adolescents. Adolescence, 43, 895- 909.

[6] Rosen, L. (2008). The association of parenting style and child age with parental limit setting and adolescent MySpace behaviour. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29(6), 459-471.

[7] Lee, S., & Chae, M. A. (2007). Children‘s Internet use in a family context: influence on family relationships and parental mediation. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 10(5), 640-644.

[8] Dhir, A., & Khalil, A. (2017). Underpinnings of Internet Parenting Styles: The Development and Validation of the Internet Parenting Scale Using Repeated Cross-Sectional Studies. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 55(1), 1-27.

[9] Gómez, P., Harris, S. K., Barreiro, C., Isorna, M., & Rial, A. (2017). Profiles of Internet use and parental involvement, and rates of online risks and problematic Internet use among Spanish adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior, 75, 826-833.

[10] Lin, C. H., Lin, S. L., & Wu, C. P. (2009). The effects of parental monitoring and leisure boredom on adolescents' Internet addiction. Adolescence, 44(176), 993-1004.

[11] Livingstone, S. (2007). Strategies of parental regulation in the media-rich home. Computers in Human Behavior, 23(2), 920-941.

[12] Elsaesser, C., Russell, B., Ohannessian, C. M., & Patton, D. (2017). Parenting in a digital age: A review of parents' role in preventing adolescent cyberbullying. Aggression and violent behavior, 35, 62-72.

[13]Soh, P. C. H., Chew, K. W., Koay, K. Y., & Ang, P. H. (2018). Parents vs peers’ influence on teenagers’ Internet addiction and risky online activities. Telematics and Informatics, 35(1), 225-236.

[14]Bartau-Rojas, I., Aierbe-Barandiaran, A., & Oregui-González, E. (2018). Parental mediation of the Internet use of Primary students: Beliefs, strategies and difficulties. Comunicar, 26(54), 71-79.

[15] Wang, R., Bianchi, S. M., & Raley, S. B. (2005). Teenagers’ internet use and family rules: A research note. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 1249–1258.

[16] Soltani Far, M (2008). Analysis Internet literacy of third grade high school students in Tehran, 2007-2008 compared to Teachers and their parents. Journal of Educational Innovations, 7 (27),37-61. [In Persian]

[17] Eini, E., Iranfar, M., & Syori, H. (2011). Pattern of internet use in high school students in Tehran and its safety. Scientific journal of the medical council of the Islamic republic of Iran, 29 (4),323-330. [In Persian]

[18] Pashootni Zadeh, M. (2010). Internet; opportunities or threats: Internet challenges for children and young people. Ketabe mahe koodak va nojavan.161 5-12. [In Persian]

[19] Ghasemzadeh, L,. Shaharay, M,. & Moradi, A. (2007). Investigating the prevalence of internet addiction in girls and comparing addicted and non-addicted girls to the Internet in terms of loneliness, self-esteem and social skills. Contemporary Psychology, 2 (1),32-40. [In Persian]

[20] Mohseni, M,. Duran, B,. & Sohrabi, M.H. (2006). Examining the effects of using Internet on isolation of Internet users (among Tehran cafe users). Journal of Sociology of Iran, 7 (4),72-95. [In Persian]

[21] Sharbatian,. M. H,. & Bukharaei, A. (1393). Social consequences of internet pathology. Cultural Engineering,8 (79),143-172. [In Persian]

[22] Moayedfar, S,.Habibpour ketabi, K,. & Ganji, A. (2005). Internet addiction, its causes and consequences, Media Quarterly , 16 (3),39-67. [In Persian]

[23] Keshtiaray, N,. & Akbarian, A. (2010). Student Hidden Learning in Interacting with the Internet, Journal of Higher Education Curriculum Studies, 1 (2),9-26. [In Persian]

[24] Valcke, M., Bonte, S., De Wever, B., & Rots, I. (2010). Internet parenting styles and the impact on Internet use of primary school children. Computers & Education, 55(2), 454-464.