اینترنت اشیاء؛ سامانه‌ای برای بهبود نظام آموزش عالی

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی مهندسی، مؤسسه آموزش عالی ایوانکی، سمنان، ایران

2 گروه آموزش عالی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 گروه برنامه‌ریزی توسعه آموزش عالی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

امروزه فناوری‌های اطلاعاتی، فرایندهای تولید، توزیع و بهره‌گیری از دانش را تحت تأثیر قرار داده‌اند. در این میان، اینترنت اشیاء به عنوان شبکه‌ای از انواع اشیاء متصل به هم می‌تواند ظرفیت‌های جدیدی را در همه عرصه‌‌ها ایجاد نماید. هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی نقش و کارکرد اینترنت اشیاء در فرایندهای تولید، انتقال و کاربرد دانش در نظام آموزش عالی است. بدین منظور از رویکرد سیستمی و روش SSM چکلاند که یک روش تحلیل کیفی برای سیستم‌های نرم همچون سیستم آموزش عالی است، استفاده شد. با مراجعه به چندین پایگاه اطلاعات علمی داخلی و خارجی تعداد 25 مقاله مرتبط شناسایی شد. سپس بدون انجام نمونه‌گیری، کلیه این مقالات توسط پژوهشگران مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته و مطالب آن‌ها در چهار مقوله معرفی اینترنت اشیاء، نقش اینترنت اشیاء در کارکردهای آموزش عالی، فرصت‌های اینترنت اشیاء برای آموزش عالی و چالش‌های اینترنت اشیاء در آموزش عالی دسته‌بندی شده و در ابعاد درونداد، فرایند و برونداد نظام آموزش عالی سازماندهی شدند. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان‌دهنده آن است که اینترنت اشیاء، با ارائه خدمات پیشرفته اطلاعاتی، یک سیستم انعطافپذیر و قابل سنجش تربیتی را برای جامعه دانشگاهی فراهم می‌کند که می‌توان از قابلیت‌های آن برای شخصی‌سازی آموزش و تقویت یادگیری، مدیریت بهتر فرایندهای آموزشی، مدیریت مؤثرتر لجستیکی و ... بهره گرفت. کاربرد اینترنت اشیاء چالش‌هایی را نیز برای آموزش‌عالی به دنبال خواهد داشت که ...

چکیده تصویری

اینترنت اشیاء؛ سامانه‌ای برای بهبود نظام آموزش عالی

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Internet of Things; A system for improving the higher education system

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Mohammad Ahmadvand 1
  • Ahmad Mahjoubian 2
  • Fatemeh NasrollahiNia 3
  • Hossein Nasiri 3
1 Department of Engineering, University of Eyvanekey, Semnan, Iran
2 Higher Education Group, Education and Psychology Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Education and Psycology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, information technology, has affected the production, distribution, and use of knowledge-based processes. Among other things, the Internet of Things as a network of objects connected to each other can bring new capacities in all fields. The aim of the present research is to examine the opportunities and challenges that the Internet of Things can have in relation to the higher education system. For this purpose, the systematic approach and the Chelkland SSM method were used. By refer to several internal and external scientific information databases, 25 related articles were identified. Then, without any sampling, all of these articles were studied by the researchers and their contents are divided into four categories: the introduction of the internet of things, the role of the internet of things in educational functions, the opportunities of the internet of things for higher education and the challenges of the internet of things in higher education, and they were organized in the dimensions of the input, process and output of the higher education system. The findings of the research indicate that the internet of things, by providing advanced information services, provides a flexible and measurable system for academic community that can be used to personalize training...

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Information Technology
  • Internet of Things
  • Higher Education
  • Opportunities
  • Challenges

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