اعتباریابی مقیاس الکترونیکی و چاپی سنجش ویژگی های بومیان دیجیتال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تکنولوژی آموزشی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 معاون آموزشی دانشگاه

4 دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی. تهران ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر در صدد اعتباریابی مقیاس سنجش ویژگی های بومیان دیجیتال بود. با توجه به مساله اعتبار یابی در نسخه های الکترونیکی، دو نسخه الکترونیکی و چاپی این مقیاس با استفاده از روش تحقیق توصیفی-پیمایشی و نمونه گیری خوشه ای در نمونه ای 374 نفری از دانشجویان نیم سال دوم تا سوم دانشگاه بیرجند اجرا شد. نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی با تحلیل مؤلفه های اصلی نشان داد، هر دو نسخه الکترونیکی و چاپی از روایی و پایایی مطلوب برخوردارند. این مقیاس چهار ویژگی 1) رشد با فناوری؛ 2) اتکاء بر تصویر در ارتباطات؛ 3) چندکارگی؛ و 4) بازخورد سریع را برای بومیان دیجیتال شناسایی کرد. نسخه الکترونیکی 65.71 درصد و نسخه چاپی 62.43 درصد از تغییرات سازه بومیان دیجیتال را تبیین می کرد. پایایی کل ابزار برای نسخه الکترونیکی (0.89=a) و نسخه چاپی(0.91= a) به دست آمد. هر چهار مؤلفه شناسایی شده از پایایی مطلوب در هر دو نسخه چاپی و الکترونیکی برخوردار بودند. در پایان یافته ها بحث و پیشنهادات ارائه شد.

چکیده تصویری

اعتباریابی مقیاس الکترونیکی و چاپی سنجش ویژگی های بومیان دیجیتال

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Validating Printed and Electronic Version of Digital Natives Assessment Scale (DNAS)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Khadijeh Aliabadi 1
  • Ali Delavar 2
  • M.R Nili 3
  • maryam iziy 4
1 Educatioal technology ,Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Assessment and Measurement, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran
3 Associate Professor of Educational Technology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran.
4 Allameh Tabataba'i University. Tehran. Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aims to validate the Digital Native Characteristics Scale (DNAS). Regarding to the issue of validity consideration in electronic versions of the instruments; therefore electronic and printed versions of this scale validated by descriptive-survey method. The results of exploratory factor analysis showed that both electronic and printed versions had satisfactory validity and reliability. The scale revealed 4 features for digital natives, including: (1) grow up with technology; (2) reliance on the graphic in communication; (3) multitasking; and (4) instant feedback. The electronic version and printed version explained 65.71% and 62.43% of the variance respectively. The total reliability was obtained by Cronbach alpha for the electronic and printed version were α = 0.89 and α = 0.91 respectively. All four identified components in both print and electronic versions had optimum reliability. The use of this instrument was recommended in educational research and generational sociology and for designing instruction based on the characteristics of digital natives. In the end, the findings discussed and research suggestions are presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • digital natives
  • millennial
  • net generation
  • Validation
  • questionnaire

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