یادگیری طبیعی، مطالعه‌ای بر مبنای مشاهدۀ رفتار کودکان در مدرسۀ طبیعت کاوی‌کنج مشهد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیروان

2 دانشکدۀ معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه تربیت‌دبیر شهیدرجایی تهران

چکیده

فرصتهای کودکان برای داشتن تجربۀ آزاد و مستقل (پیش‌نیاز اصلی یادگیری طبیعی) در فضاهای باز محیطهای شهری کاهش یافته است. پژوهشهای پیشین بر نقش ادراک والدین از ایمنی صحه نهاده‌اند. از سوی دیگر، شهرهای بزرگ شاهد جدایی بی‌سابقه‌ای از عناصر و فرایندهای طبیعی بوده‌اند. ویلسون باور دارد که ما تمایل ذاتی به نزدیکی به چیزهای طبیعی داریم. نیاز به دانش عینی دقیق‌تر دربارۀ رفتار فضایی کودکان در فضاهای باز نسبتاً طبیعی هست تا در برنامه‌ریزی سکونتگاهها به کار گیریم. در این مطالعه، رفتار کودکان 3 تا 12 ساله در مدرسۀ طبیعت کاوی‌کنج (مرکز مراقبت از کودکان با فضای عمدتاً باز و حال و هوای طبیعی/روستایی) «نگاشت» شد، و نتایج نگاشت با مصاحبه‌هایی با مراقبان کودکان تکمیل شد. مشاهدات ما الگوهایی از رفتارهای کودکان را بر مبنای سن آنها آشکار می‌کند؛ در حالیکه مصاحبه‌ها نشان‌دهندۀ آن است که «تخیل» رانۀ اصلی انتخابها و حرکات فضایی کودکان در این سنین است. ما بحث می‌کنیم که حق کودکان به فضاهای روزمرۀ آنها باید بر مبنای ضرباهنگ‌های طبیعی آنها به رسمیت شناخته شود.

چکیده تصویری

یادگیری طبیعی، مطالعه‌ای بر مبنای مشاهدۀ رفتار کودکان در مدرسۀ طبیعت کاوی‌کنج مشهد

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Natural Learning; an Observational Study of Children Behavior In Kavikonj Nature School

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sseyed Mohamad Behrooz 1
  • Esmaeil Zarghami 2
1 Faculty member, Architecture Department, Shirvan IAU.
2 عضو هیأت علمی
چکیده [English]

Children’s opportunities to have free and independent experience (the main prerequisite of natural learning) in outdoor space have declined in urban environments. Former research acknowledges the role of parents’ perception of safety. On the other hand, large cities have witnessed an unprecedented isolation from natural elements and processes. Wilson [50} believes that we have an innate tendency to affiliate with natural things. There is a need for more thorough objective knowledge about children’s spatial behavior in outdoor natural spaces to apply to settlements planning. In this study, 3 to 12 years old children’s behavior was mapped in a Kavikonj Nature School, and the results were elaborated with staff interviews. Our observations revealed some patterns of children’s behavior; while interviews revealed that children’s “imagination” is the foremost driver of their spatial choices and movements. We argue that children’s right to their everyday spaces should be acknowledged based on their own natural rhythms.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • outdoor
  • biophila
  • mobility
  • Learning
  • childhood

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