تأثیر آموزش روش شش کلاه تفکر دوبونو در بهبود مهارت شناختی دانشجویان کشاورزی در درس کارآفرینی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه مراغه، دانشگاه مراغه، گروه مهندسی بیوسیستم

چکیده

مطالعه تدریس پژوهی حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر آموزش شش کلاه تفکر دوبونو در بهبود توانایی‌های شناختی دانشجویان کشاورزی در درس کارآفرینی انجام گرفت. در این پژوهش، 80 دانشجوی کارشناسی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه مراغه (سال تحصیلی 95-96) طبق طرح شبه آزمایشی چهار مرحله‎‌ای سولومون به شکل تصادفی در گروه‎های تیمار و کنترل تقسیم شدند. برای سنجش توانایی‌ شناختی آزمودنی‌ها از یک پرسشنامه کسب و کار احداث واحد پرورش ماهی استفاده شد که روایی صوری آن توسط گروهی از اعضای هیأت علمی تأیید و سازگاری آن با ضریب پایایی کودرریچاردسون 21 تأیید شد (rKR21= 0.72). از نرم افزار SPSS نیز برای تحلیل داده‎ها و محاسبه اندازه اثر نتایج استفاده شد. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که روش شش کلاه تفکر دوبونو اختلاف معناداری را در دانش شناختی آزمودنی‌ها در چهار گروه آزمایشی پیرامون تدوین طرح کسب و کار ایجاد می‎نماید (0.001 < p، 79= df، 40.89= F). همچنین، بین نمرات پیش آزمون و پس آزمون آزمودنی‌های گروه یک اختلاف معناداری وجود دارد (0.001 < p، 22= df، 8.16 = SΔ) که اندازه اثر 0.75 ( 0.75=∅) نیز تأثیر قابل توجه آموزش روش شش کلاه تفکر را نشان داد. همچنین، نتایج کیفی تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که آزمودنی‌ها توانستند یک طرح کسب و کار استاندارد را طراحی نمایند. لذا، بکارگیری روش شش کلاه تفکر در مراکز کارآفرینی دانشگاه‎ها و مؤسسات آموزش عالی توصیه می‎شود.

چکیده تصویری

تأثیر آموزش روش شش کلاه تفکر دوبونو در بهبود مهارت شناختی دانشجویان کشاورزی در درس کارآفرینی

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of training the six thinking hats method on improving cognitive skills of agricultural students in entrepreneurship lesson

نویسنده [English]

  • Bijan Abadi
Department of Biosystem engineering, The University of Maragheh
چکیده [English]

This study investigates the effect of the six thinking hats method (STHM) on improving 80 undergraduate agricultural students’ cognitive skill who studying at the agricultural faculty of Maragheh University. They were assigned randomly to the treatment and control groups according to Solomon’s four-group quasi-experimental design. A questionnaire was designed to measure students’ cognitive abilities, therefore, its face validity was confirmed by a group of faculty members and its reliability was approved by the Kuder-Richardson 21 (rKR21 = 0.72). The data were analyzed using the SPSS. The results show that the STHM makes a difference in the cognitive knowledge of agricultural students in establishing the business plan (F = 40.89, df = 79, p <0.001). In addition, there is a significant difference between scores in the pre-test and the post-test in group one (SΔ = 8.16, df = 22, p <0.001) with a high effect size (∅ = 0.75). Furthermore, the result indicates that subjects are able to formulate a standard business plan. Based on the results of the study, the use of the STHM is recommended to promote the cognitive abilities of students in the entrepreneurship centers of universities and other applied science education centers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Hats
  • " "Thinking
  • " "Training
  • " "Cognitive
  • "

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