ویژگی‌ها و عناصر طراحی فضاهای باز کودکان دبستانی براساس هوش هیجانی در فرآیند یادگیری از دیدگاه متخصصان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه هنر اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه علم و صنعت، تهران، ایران

3 دانشگاه هنر اصفهان

4 گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجائی

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش ارائه اصول طراحی برای فضاهای باز مدرسه در دبستان مبتنی بر افزایش هوشمندی‌هیجانی و فرآیند یادگیری است. پژوهش بر روش تحقیق کیفی-کمی و استفاده از روش پیمایش اکتشافی دلفی استوار است. مرحله اول تحقیق، مصاحبه باز پاسخ با متخصیص در رشته‌های معماری و روانشناسی در حوزه‌ی هوش‌هیجانی را در‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌برمی‌گیرد، ‌‌‌‌‌سپس با کمک تکنیک کدگذاری باز و محوری و تشکیل جدول هدف-محتوی، پرسشنامه‌ی محقق ساخت شکل می‌گیرد که طی دو مرحله توسط متخصصان تکمیل شده است. نمونه‌گیری با استفاده از روش شبکه‌ای (گلوله برفی) و حجم نمونه با اشباع نظری که 17 نفر از متخصصین را شامل می‌شود، صورت‌‌گرفته است. در‌نهایت، نتایج براساس تحلیل عامل Qاستخراج شده است. تأثیرگذارترین عوامل بر هوشمندی‌هیجانی در فرآیند یادگیری کودکان عبارتند از؛ ابعاد فردی، اجتماعی، کالبدی، طراحی، مشارکت کودکان در طراحی و روانشناسی محیط بر فضاهای باز مدرسه در دوران ابتدایی..

چکیده تصویری

ویژگی‌ها و عناصر طراحی فضاهای باز کودکان دبستانی براساس هوش هیجانی در فرآیند یادگیری از دیدگاه متخصصان

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Characteristics and elements of primary school open space’s design based on EI in learning process from professional’s perspective

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hosna sadat Shams Dolatabadi 1
  • Farhang Mozaffar 2
  • Niloufar Malek 3
  • Bahram Saleh Sedghpour 4
1 Faculty of Architecture and Urban Design, Isfahan University of Art, Isfehan
2 School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran, Iran
3 Isfahan University of Art
4 Faculty of Humanities, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the study is to provide guidelines to design children’s open spaces in primary school based on promotion of learning and Emotional intelligence. An exploratory research is conducted based on both qualitative-quantitative methods, using Delphi in the primer part. Consequently, professionals were interviewed in an unstructured way in the field of landscape architecture and Psychology (emotional intelligence). Then, with the techniques of open and axial coding the content table is created. The questionnaire is also organized in two rounds. Network sampling method (snowball) on the sample size of 17 professionals is used. The data were analyzed using Q factor analysis. At the end, the most affecting elements on the Emotional Intelligence in process of learning in open primary school spaces are consist of; personal, social, design, physical spaces, Child Participation in design of their spaces and environmental psychology dimensions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Intelligence
  • Self-actualization and space
  • EI in school
  • Environmental learning

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