واکاوی برنامه درسی کارشناسی ارشد پیوسته و کارشناسی ارشد ناپیوسته معماری و مقایسه میزان انطباق آنها بر مولفه های آموزش معماری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه معماری، دانشکده هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 پردیس بین المللی کیش،دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

معماری رشته ای تلفیقی از مباحث علوم انسانی،هنر و علوم‌فنی می باشد.به همین علت تحقق معماری،نیازمند برخورداری از مجموعه ای از معرفت‌ها و دانش‌های گوناگون است. از سال 1939،آموزش آکادمیک معماری در دو مقطع کاردانی و کارشناسی ارشدپیوسته،جهت تربیت نقشه‌کش و معمار تعریف و جایگزین شیوه سنتی گردید و در سال 1998دوره کارشناسی پایه ریزی شد.مسئله پژوهشی حاضر،بررسی و مقایسه میزان انطباق برنامه درسی رشته معماری به شیوه کارشناسی ارشدپیوسته با شیوه ناپیوسته،بر مبنای بنیان‌های آموزش معماری می باشد.این پژوهش کاربردی،از نظر ماهیت در شمار تحقیقات توصیفی تحلیلی و درطیف مطالعات ارزشیابی قرار می گیرد.به لحاظ نحوه جمع آوری داده،روش آمیخته تشریحی استفاده شده است.ابتدا محتوای آموزش و آنچه یک دانشجوی معماری باید بیاموزد،بحث و ارائه گردید.سپس در مورد بنیان های آموزش،تفسیرها و نظرات صاحبنظران با پرسشنامه در مقیاس5 گزینه ای لیکرت،اخذ گردید.بر اساس یافته ها،محتوای آموزش معماری در سه بنیان دانش،توانش و بینش نمود می یابد. در دوره کارشناسی ارشد پیوسته،67واحددرسی(1663ساعت)در حوزه دانش و88واحد(3426ساعت)در حوزه توانش قرار می گیرد.در مجموع دوره ناپیوسته،در حوزه دانش،65واحد(1204ساعت)و85واحد(2690ساعت)در حوزه توانش وجود دارد.از دیدگاه اساتید،کارفرمایان و دانش آموختگان،در هرسه حیطه دانش وخصوصا توانش و بینش، دوره کارشناسی ارشد پیوسته دوره کاملا موفق تری است و این دوره،در اکثر زمینه ها بر دوره کارشناسی ارشد ناپیوسته ارجحیت دارد.

چکیده تصویری

واکاوی برنامه درسی کارشناسی ارشد پیوسته و کارشناسی ارشد ناپیوسته معماری و مقایسه میزان انطباق آنها بر مولفه های آموزش معماری

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating contiguous master's and non-countiguous master’s degree Courses of Architecture and comparing their adaptability with Architecture Education Factors

نویسندگان [English]

  • isa hojat 1
  • abbas sedaghati 2
1 Architecture, Beautiful arts, Tehran university, Tehran, Iran.
2 Kish International Campus,University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Architecture is a discipline that is a combination of humanities,arts and technical sciences.Consequently,the realization of architecture requires a set of knowledge and wisdom.About1939,academic education of architecture in associate degree and contiguous master's degree courses,began. The Bachelor's degree course was founded in1998.The present study compared the degree of adaptation of architecture curriculum in a contiguous master's degree courses with that of non-contiguous based on the components of architecture education.This applied study was of descriptive-analytical type and evaluation study in nature.The Explanatory method was used for data collection.First,the educational content and whatever an architecture student should learn were discussed.Then,experts' opinions and perceptions were asked regarding the educational content using a likert scale questionnaire.The findings revealed that the content of architecture teaching is based on the three foundations of knowledge,competence,wisdom.and the course syllabus in contiguous master's included 67units(1767hours)in knowledge dimension and 88units(3640hours)in competence dimension.Overall,both non-contiguous degrees encompassed 64units(1479hours)in knowledge dimension and 88units(3570hours)in competence.According to professors,employers and graduates’perspectives,contiguous master's degree was more comprehensive in terms of knowledge،competence and wisdom.considering the nature of the architecture and its difference with other fields of study,as well as the impact of the competence and wisdom factors in architects’ training,And this course,in most areas,prefers a non-countiguous master's degree

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Instructional content
  • Architecture
  • contiguous master's degree course
  • non- contiguous master's degree course
  • Bachelor’s degree course

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