عنوان مقاله [English]
In cognitive linguistics, language is considered as a part of human cognitive abilities and any kind of linguistic analysis is accompanied with an analysis of human cognitive capacities. In the present work, we tried to compare linguistic abilities of children with minor mental disorder to that of normal children in the framework of cognitive linguistics, and to reply the question ̎ weather speech disorders of children with specific needs is relevant to their cognitive weaknesses? Our hypothesis was that language acquisition in the former is, like the process in the later, not independent from other cognitive abilities of them, and their linguistic disorders is the consequence of their cognitive disorders. In order to evaluate the hypothesis, 20 normal children and 20 children with minor mental disorder of first and second school grade were selected from primary schools of Birjand. Then four cognitive activities including category identifying, expressing noun and action, realizing iconicity and understanding landmark were put under consideration in their language behaviour. The data were then analized in two statical fasions; discriptive and inferential. The results of both analyses indicated a remarkable difference between the two groups of subjects.
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