مقایسه فرسودگی شغلی در بین دبیران زبان انگلیسی مدارس دولتی و مدرسان زبان آموزشگاههای خصوصی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی رابطه میان عوامل گوناگون فرسودگی شغلی دبیران زبان انگلیسی مدارس دولتی و مدرسان زبان آموزشگاههای خصوصی در ایران بود. برای بررسی این موضوع، از هر دو روش کمی و کیفی برای جمعآوری و تحلیل دادهها استفاده شد. دادههای کمی از طریق توزیع پرسشنامه مسلش در بین 180 معلم انگلیسی از هر دو بافت مدارس و آموزشگاهها جمعآوری شد. همچنین، دادههای کیفی از طریق برگزاری 10 مصاحبه انفرادی نیمه ساختار یافته با 5 دبیر از مدارس دولتی و 5 مدرس زبان از آموزشگاههای خصوصی گردآوری شد. نتایج آزمون تی مستقل نشان داد که مدرسان زبان در آموزشگاهها به صورت معناداری بیشتر از دبیران در مدارس دولتی احساس فرسودگی شغلی داشتند. از سوی دیگر، نتایج حاصل از تحلیل محتوای مصاحبهها نشان داد شرایط اقتصادی، امنیت شغلی، جایگاه اجتماعی، عدم انگیزه و نبود آرامش از دلایل مهم فرسودگی شغلی مدرسان زبان انگلیسی در آموزشگاهها هستند. همچنین، نبود انگیزه و گوناگونی در روند آموزش تنها دلایل فرسودگی شغلی دبیران مدارس دولتی تلقی شدند.

چکیده تصویری

مقایسه فرسودگی شغلی در بین دبیران زبان انگلیسی مدارس دولتی و مدرسان زبان آموزشگاههای خصوصی

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A comparison of public school and private institute EFL teachers' burnout

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahsa Bahrami
  • Shahab Moradkhani
Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Humanities, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to examine factors that may influence burnout among English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers of public schools and private language institutes in Iran. To address this objective, both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis procedures were applied. Quantitative data were collected from 180 teachers from both public schools and private institutes through Maslach Burnout Inventory. Also, qualitative data were gleaned through conducting individual, semi-structured interviews with 10 of the participants (5 teachers from public schools and 5 instructors from private institutes). The results of independent samples t-test showed that private institute teachers were in a significantly worse condition in terms of burnout in comparison with their public school counterparts. On the other hand, the results of analyzing the content of the interviews revealed that economic conditions, job security, social status, lack of motivation, and lack of serenity were the main factors contributing to burnout among EFL instructors in private institutes, while lack of motivation and variety in the education process were the only factors causing burnout among teachers in public schools.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • burnout
  • public schools
  • private language institutes
  • EFL teaching
  • EFL teachers

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