شناسایی مؤلفه‌های محیط کالبدی مدارس با رویکرد یادگیری مشارکتی نمونه موردی: مدارس پسران دوره اول متوسطه شهر تبریز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه معماری دانشکده فنی مهندسی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 گروه معماری دانشکده فنی مهندسی دانشگاه محقق اردبیل، اردبیل، ایران

3 گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

10.22061/jte.2019.4600.2091

چکیده

دانش‌آموزان بعد از خانه، بیشترین ساعات خود را در مدرسه سپری می‌کنند. محیطِ مدرسه ازنظر فیزیکی و روانی، می‌تواند در فرایند آموزش و شکل‌گیری نقش اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان مؤثر باشد. یادگیری مشارکتی ازجمله رویکردهایی است که به‌عنوان روشِ فعالِ تدریس و آموزش، موجباب افزایش تعاملات اجتماعی و یادگیریِ اثربخش، در دانش‌آموزان می‌گردد. پژوهش حاضر، باهدف شناسایی مؤلفه‌های محیط‌کالبدی مدارس، با رویکرد یادگیری مشارکتی صورت گرفته است. نوع تحقیق در این پژوهش کاربردی و روش آن، توصیفی‌_تحلیلی از نوع میدانی است. جامعه آماری مطالعه را دانش‌آموزان پسر دوره اول متوسطه در شهر تبریز تشکیل می‌دهد که 356 نفر به روش تصادفی از بین چهار مدرسه در نقاط مختلف شهر انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون آمار_t، تک نمونه‌ای و خی‌دو مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان داد، میزان رضایت از محیط کالبدی در هر چهار مدرسه بررسی‌شده پایین و تمایل به وجود محیط‌هایی که دانش‌آموزان بتوانند به‌طور مشارکتی در آن فرا گرفته و به فعالیت بپردازند بسیار بالا بوده است. همچنین استنباط می‌گردد، هرچه محیط کالبدی مدرسه از شرایط مناسب و مطلوبی جهت یادگیری مشارکتی برخوردار باشد، میزان رضایت و علاقه به یادگیری در دانش‌آموزان افزایش‌یافته و درنهایت آموزش‌وپرورش به‌درستی تحقق می‌یابد.

چکیده تصویری

شناسایی مؤلفه‌های محیط کالبدی مدارس با رویکرد یادگیری مشارکتی نمونه موردی: مدارس پسران دوره اول متوسطه شهر تبریز

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The study of school physical environment with the participatory teaching approach method in male students of Tabriz middle schools

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fateme Abbaszadeh Diz 1
  • Hojjattollah Rashid Kolvir 2
  • Ali Rezaeisharif 3
1 Department of Architecture, University of Mohaghegh Ardebili, Ardabil, IRAN
2 Department of Architecture, University of Mohaghegh Ardebili, Ardabil, IRAN
3 Assistant Professor Department of Educational Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
چکیده [English]

Students spend most of their time in school besides home. The physical and mental environment of the school can play an effective role in the process of education and formation of student’s social role. Participatory learning is one of the approaches which, as an active teaching method, increases social interaction and effective learning in the student The purpose of this study was to identifying the physical environment components of schools with a participatory learning approach. This applied research is of descriptive-analytical type, which in order to perform, The statistical population of this study was male middle school students in Tabriz that 356 male middle school students were selected randomly from four schools in different parts of city. Data were analyzed by one-sample statistical t-test and chi-square test. The results showed that the satisfaction of the physical environment in all four schools studied was low and the tendency for the environments in which the students could participate were very high. It can be deduced that the more the schools physical environment has favorable conditions for participatory learning, the higher the level of satisfaction and interest in learning in students, and also education and training take place properly.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • physical environment
  • participatory learning
  • school
  • male students
  • middle school

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