هنجارسنجی، اعتباریابی و پایاسازی مقیاس سنجش شادکامی در میان دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه شهید رجایی

2 دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی

3 دانشجوی دکترا رشته معماری، دانشکده مهندسی معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران.

10.22061/jte.2019.4503.2080

چکیده

هدف مطالعه حاضر بازساخت، اعتباریابی، پایاسازی و هنجاریابی مقیاس سنجش شادکامی آکسفورد(OHI) آرگایل، مارتین و کراسلند است. این مقیاس شامل 29 گویه در قالب پنج حیطه رضایت از زندگی، عزت نفس، بهزیستی فاعلی، رضایت خاطر و خلق مثبت است که در اختیار مشارکت‌کنندگان قرار گرفته است. روش تحقیق از نوع توصیفی- پیمایشی با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی R می‌باشد. جامعه آماری پژوهش 200 نفر از دانشجویان معماری در چهار دانشگاه واقع در تهران که به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شده‌اند. نتایج پژوهش حاکی از آن است در مقیاس آرگایل در زمینه شادکامی آکسفورد پنج حیطه عزت نفس، رضایت از زندگی، رضایت خاطر، بهزیستی فاعلی و خلق مثبت است این در حالی می‌باشد که در این پژوهش عوامل امیدواری، رضایت از زندگی، بهزیستی، خلق مثبت و احساس زیبایی‌شناختی به‌دست آمده است و دو تفاوت وجود دارد احساس زیبایی شناختی که مختص رشته معماری و امیدواری که مختص ایرانی بودن است. در آخر با بررسی تطبیقی کار تحقیقاتی که در سال‌های 1999 و 2007 با استفاده از پرسشنامه آکسفورد استفاده شده را با پژوهش صورت گرفته در حال حاضر در سال 2019 با میزان مطابقت 95% و 96% می‌باشد.

چکیده تصویری

هنجارسنجی، اعتباریابی و پایاسازی مقیاس سنجش شادکامی در میان دانشجویان

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Standardization, validation and reliability Scale of happiness among students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bahram SalehSedghpour 1
  • Mohammad Sadegh Taher Tolou Del 2
  • seyedeh ashraf sadat 3
1 Department of Humanities , Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.
2 مدیر نظارت و ارزیابی
3 PhD Student of architecture, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to rebuild, validate, and standardization of the Argyle, Martin, and Crassland’s oxford happiness scale (OHI). The scale consists of 29 items in terms of five areas of life satisfaction, self-esteem, factual well-being, satisfaction, and positive mood that have been made available to the participants. The research method is descriptive-survey based on factor analysis of R. A statistical population of this study was 200 students of architecture in four universities in Tehran, selected by simple random sampling method. The results of this study indicate that in the oxford happiness scale, Argyle has five factors of self-respect, life of satisfaction, satisfaction, well-being and positive mood while in this study, the factors of hope, life satisfaction, well-being, positive mood and aesthetic perception have come to light, and there are two distinctions: the aesthetics perception that is unique to the field of architecture and the hope that is specific to being Iranian. Finally, a comparative study of research done in oxford questionnaire between 1999 and 2007 was conducted with a 95% and 96% correlation in 2019.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Rebuilding"
  • "Validation"
  • "Reliability"
  • "Standardization"
  • Happiness"

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