تأثیرآموزش رباتیک بر مهارت‌های حل مسئله درس فیزیک دانش‌آموزان متوسطه اول

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هیئت علمی دانشگاه فرهنگیان

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

3 دانشگاه علوم و تحقیقات ....

چکیده

پیشرفت روزافزون تکنولوژی سبب پیدایش ماشین‌هایی به نام ربات شده، به طوری‌که امروزه رباتیک ابعاد مختلف زندگی بشر را تحت تأثیر قرار داده است. هدف پژوهش حاضر تأثیر آموزش رباتیک بر مهارت‌های حل‌مسئله در درس فیزیک دانش‌آموزان دوره‌ی متوسطه اول می‌باشد. این پژوهش نیمه‌آزمایشی و از نوع علی-مقایسه‌ای است و جامعه‌ی آماری آن شامل تمامی مدارس عضو طرح آموزشی رباتیک شهر تهران می‌باشد. به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای، از بین 5 منطقه‌ی تهران، یک منطقه و سپس به طور تصادفی از بین مدارس آن، 6 مدرسه با 173 دانش‌آموز انتخاب و به صورت هدفمند تعداد 120 دانش‌آموز از بین آن‌‌ها انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه‌ی محقق‌ساخته‌ی سنجش مهارت‌های ‌حل‌مسئله و بسته‌ی آموزش سازه‌های رباتیک در درس فیزیک بوده است که روایی آن با روش روایی محتوایی توسط متخصصین رباتیک و اساتید آزمون‌ساز تأیید و پایایی آن با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ، 0.95 بدست آمد. جهت تجزیه ‌و ‌تحلیل‌ داده‌ها ازSPSS در دو سطح آمار توصیفی (شاخص‌های مرکزی و پراکندگی) و آمار استنباطی (آزمون تی (t) مستقل، تحلیل واریانس و تحلیل کواریانس) استفاده شد. یافته‌ها‌ی پژوهش نشان داد که بین آموزش رباتیک و مهارت‌های‌ حل‌مسئله‌ی دانش‌آموزان رابطه‌ی معنادار و مثبتی وجود دارد. همچنین رابطه‌ی معناداری بین تأثیر آموزش رباتیک و مهارت‌های حل‌مسئله در بین دانش‌آموزان دختر و پسر وجود نداشته و تفاوتی بین آن‌ها مشاهده نمی‌شود.

چکیده تصویری

تأثیرآموزش رباتیک بر مهارت‌های حل مسئله درس فیزیک دانش‌آموزان متوسطه اول

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Robotic Education on Problem-Solving Skills of High School Students in Physics

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Reza Gholamrezaei 2
  • Vahideh Soleymani Rad 3
2 University of Daneshghah 2
3 Teacher
چکیده [English]

Increasing development of technology has led to appearance of machines calls robots which have influenced different dimensions of human life. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the effect of robotic education on problem-solving of junior-high school students in physics. This is a semi-experimental and causal-comparative study. The statistical population includes all schools participating in the robotics training program in Tehran. Using cluster sampling, from 5 districts of Tehran, one district was chosen, and then randomly from its schools, 6 schools with 173 students were selected and 120 students were randomly selected among them. Research tools included a researcher-made questionnaire of problem-solving measurement and an educational package of robotic structures in physics. Its validity was confirmed by content validity method by robotics experts and testers and its reliability was achieved 0.95 using Cronbach's alpha. For data analysis, SPSS software was used in two levels of descriptive statistics (indexes of centrality and frequency) and deductive statistics (independent t-test, variance analysis and covariance analysis). The findings show there is a significant relationship between robotic education and problem-solving skills, and also, there is no significant relationship between the effect of robotic education on the level of problem-solving skills among girls and boys students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Robotic education
  • problem-solving skill
  • physics
  • students

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