تاثیر کیفیت فضای بسته آموزشی بر میزان حس جمعی کاربران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

مربی ، دانشکره معماری ، دانشگاه بجنورد

چکیده

با توجه به نیازهای اساسی انسان در ابعاد مختلف اجتماعی ، عاطفی ، هوشی و جسمی، اما محیط یادگیری امروزی از دستیابی به فضای زنده و فعال ، مکان برای مواجهه ، تجربه کردن و ... دور است. مطالعات مختلف نشان می دهد حس جمعی، بیشترین میزان تاثیر را در مشارکت افراد در عملکرد محیط دارد. حس جمعی امری چند بعدی است که مکان باید بستری برای حس جمعی بین کاربران باشد. بر اساس ادبیات موجود، الگوی پنج بعدی غنای مکان، پیوندهای اجتماعی و تعامل، فعالیت جمعی، امنیت و حس تعلق و هویت به عنوان یکی از موثرترین معیارها جهت بر آورد حس جمعی استخراج گردید. جهت ارزیابی الگوی نظری، سه مدرسه از میان مدارس دبیرستان تهران انتخاب گردیدند و پرسشنامه های مناسب در آنها توزیع شد. نمونه تحقیق نیز 750 نفر هستند که با استفاده از شیوه نمونه گیری تصادفی استخراج شده اند. در این مقاله که از روش تحلیل محتوا در بخش نظری برای دسته بندی دیدگاهها و روش مطالعه موردی برای انجام تحقیق استفاده گردیده است. شیوه ی پژوهش پایه ی این مقاله، تحلیل عاملی است. سپس بار عاملی هر سنجه در الگوی نظری تعیین شد و در نهایت 11 راهکار نهایی برای طراحی فضای آموزشی تبیین گردید.

چکیده تصویری

تاثیر کیفیت فضای بسته آموزشی بر میزان حس جمعی کاربران

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of quality of closed educational space on the amount of user sense of community

چکیده [English]

Given the basic human needs in various social, emotional, intelligence and physical dimensions, the present learning environment is far from reaching the living and active space to encounter, experience, etc. Different studies indicate that the sense of community has the greatest impact on the individual participation in the environmental performance. The sense of community is multidimensional. According to the available literature, the five-dimensional model, consisting of the richness of place, social ties and interaction, collective activity, security and sense of belonging, and identity, is considered as one of the most effective criteria for estimating the sense of community. To assess the theoretical model, three schools were selected from high schools of Tehran City, and appropriate questionnaires were distributed among them. The research sample included 750 individuals who were selected using a multistage cluster sampling method. The results indicated that the content analysis method was used for classification of views in theoretical section; and the case study method was applied for conducting the research. The research method was a factor analysis, The factor loading of each measure determined in the theoretical model, and ultimately, 11 final solutions were explained for designing the educational space.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Closed educational space
  • Sense of community
  • Dimensions of sense of community
  • Factor analysis
  • design

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