تبیین جایگاه و نقش فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات در فرآیند یاددهی– یادگیری مبتنی بر سنتز پژوهی در شواهد پژوهشی معاصر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو

2 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات (فاوا) بر تدریس، یادگیری و پژوهش‌های مربوطه تاثیرگذار بوده‌است. هدف پژوهش حاضر ، مطالعه نظام‌مند و ارائه ترکیبی از پژوهش‌های صورت گرفته در حوزه جایگاه و نقش فاوا در فرآیند یاددهی– یادگیری بود. روش پژوهش، کیفی و به شیوه سنتز پژوهی انجام شد.منابع پژوهشی مرتبط از سال 2000 تا 2016 با روشی نظام‌مند انتخاب، واکاوی محتوایی و دسته بندی شدند؛در غربالگری ریز 29 پژوهش که معیارهای مدنظر را داشتند، انتخاب، سپس سنتزی از یافته‌های آنان ارائه شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد که می‌توان از دو روند در رابطه فاوا و یاددهی و یادگیری سخن گفت: الف)روند تسهیل کنندگی؛ب)روند جریان سازی. در عین حال که این دو روند در مواردی با یکدیگر همپوشانی دارند و کشیدن مرز مشخصی میان آنها مشکل می‌نماید اما می‌توان این دو روند را از هم جدا نموده و به بررسی ابعاد، خصوصیات و تأثیرات آن‌ها بر فرآیند یاددهی-یادگیری پرداخت بر این اساس، تأثیرات روند تسهیل‌کنندگی فاوا بر یاددهی-یادگیری در کوتاه مدت مشخص می‌شود؛ اغلب بصورت سخت‌افزاری، ظاهر مؤلفه‌های یاددهی-یادگیری را تغییر می‌دهد.روند جریان‌سازی، دربرگیرنده تغییراتی است که در سطحی عمیق‌تر و با پیچیدگی بیشتر، کیفیت و چگونگی یاددهی-یادگیری را تغییر می‌دهداین تغییرات را می‌توان به نوعی نتایج بلندمدت روند تسهیل‌کننده دانست که به صورت نرم‌افزاری نمود

چکیده تصویری

تبیین جایگاه و نقش فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات در فرآیند یاددهی– یادگیری مبتنی بر سنتز پژوهی در شواهد پژوهشی معاصر

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining the Situation and the Role of Information and Communication Technology in the teaching-Learning Process Based on the Research Synthesis of Contemporary Studies

نویسندگان [English]

  • saber abdolmaleki 1
  • mahbobeh khosravi 2
  • mahshid torkaman asadi 1
1 student
2 Academic member of Allameh Tabataba'i University
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the research was to provide a systematic study and to present a combination of studies in the field of the situation and the role of information and communication technology in the teaching-learning process.The method of this research was qualitative and was carried out in the form of research synthesis.Researchers selected, categorized and analyzed relevant and available research resources from year2000to2016in a systematic manner; in the next step, in the tiny screening stage,29researches that have intended criteria were selected. Then synthesis of their findings was presented in accordance with the principles of composition, rethinking and rearrangement of data. The findings of this synthesis showed that there are two trends in the relationship between ICT and the teaching and learning processes: A)Facilitating trend; b) Stream making trend. While these two trends overlap in some cases and it is difficult to draw a clear border between them,they have features which they could be separated from each other and their aspects,features and impacts on teaching–learning processes could be studied.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • information and communication technology
  • Teaching
  • teaching and learning process
  • research synthesis

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