مفهوم آموزش و تأثیر آن در معماری مسجد–مدرسه‌های دوره قاجار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد معماری، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

2 عضو هیئت علمی معماری، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران(نویسنده مسئول)

چکیده

در گذشته هستة مرکزی آموزش دانش اسلامی در مساجد بود، چون نخستین مکانی که در سده‌های نخستین اسلامی به منظور آموزش مورد استفاده قرار می‌گرفت؛ مسجد بود. از همین رو مسجد از دیرباز تاکنون در کنار کارکرد عبادت، مکان گردهم‌آیی مسلمانان و کسب علم بوده است. این تحقیق به پیدایش مراکز آموزشی-مذهبی که همان مسجد-مدرسه‌ها هستند، می‌پردازد و چون عمدۀ این مراکز در زمان قاجاریه ساخته شده‌اند، جمعیتّ آماری را مسجد- مدرسه‌های این دوره تشکیل داده است. این مقاله در نظر دارد تا با بررسی مدارس دورة قاجار و ویژگی‌های آن به آزمون کیفیتّ آموزش در این مدارس بپردازد. روش تحقیق مورد استفاده در این پژوهش تفسیری-تاریخی است و تحلیل‌های مربوط به بناها با روش استدلال منطقی صورت گرفته است. در جمع-آوری اطلاعات از اسناد و متون تاریخی، منابع کتابخانه‌ای استفاده شده است. در این مقاله به منظور بررسی مفهوم آموزش، سه مورد از مسجد-مدرسه‌های دوره قاجار به روش نمونه‌گیری هدف‌مند انتخاب شده‌اند. نتایج نشان می‌دهد اولاً مفهوم آموزش و شیوه‌های آموزشی در طول دوره قاجار، تغییراتی داشته است. ثانیا این تغییرات در مفهوم آموزش باعث به ایجاد تنوع فرمی و شکلی و تغییرات در کالبد و معماری مدارس شده است؛ این نکته در پلان بنا، عملکرد داخلی بنا از جمله تغییر در دستگاه ورودی، حیاط مدارس، تعداد و کیفیت حجره‌ها مشهود است.

چکیده تصویری

مفهوم آموزش و تأثیر آن در معماری مسجد–مدرسه‌های دوره قاجار

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Concept of education and its effects on architecture of mosque-schools in qajars era

نویسندگان [English]

  • fatemeh gholami 1
  • Hamed Hayaty 2
1 M.A. Student of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Ahwaz Branch, Iran
2 the academic staff of Architecture Department, Islamic Azad University, Ahwaz Branch, Ahwaz, Iran (Corresponding author)
چکیده [English]

In the past, the core of the islamic education was in the mosques; because the first places which were used in the early islamic centuries for education were the mosques. Accordingly the mosque have historically functioned as places of muslims gatherings and acquiring knowledge.The present study investigates development of the religions-educational centers, i.e. the school-mosques; and since majority of these centers were built in Qajars Era, the statistical population of the study consists of the school-mosques built in this period. The verify used in this research is historical commentary and the analysis of the buildings is done with the logical reasoning method. Historical documents and literature library resources have been used to collect information. In this paper three of the schools- mosque of Qajar dynasty have been selected through purposeful samplivg in order to study the concept of education.The concept of education and educational methods have changed during Qajars Era; and these changes in the concept of education have led to diversity of forms and changes in architecture of the schools. These changes are evident in plan, internal functions of the building, including changes made to the entrance system, courtyard, and number and quality of the dorms.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Education
  • Mosque
  • school
  • Qajar
  • Architecture

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