تحلیل محتوای متون درسی زبان فارسی (آموزش زبان فارسی به غیر فارسی زبانان) از نظر تناسب آنها با سن زبان آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای زبان و ادبیات فارسی و دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد بخش زبانشناسی ، دانشگاه شیراز

2 استاد، زبانشناسی، دانشگاه شیراز ، نویسنده مسول ، پست الکترونیک : jrahimian@rose.shirazu.ac.ir

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر مطالعه‌ای میدانی است که به بررسی و تحلیل محتوایی متون کتاب‌های زبان‌فارسی (آموزش زبان‌فارسی به غیرفارسی‌زبانان) از نظر تناسب آن‌ها با سن زبان‌آموزان پرداخته‌است، نمونه‌ای تحقیق حاضر را تعداد 50 زبان‌آموز آموزش زبان‌فارسی تشکیل می‌دهند که با استفاده از پرسشنامه‌ای محقق ساخته داده‌های تحقیق جمع‌آوری ‌شده­اند. در این پژوهش این پرسش‌های مطرح می‌گردد که تا چه اندازه انتخاب متون درک مطلب کتاب درسی آزفا به غیرفارسی‌زبانان که متناسب با سن و علایق زبان‌آموزان در نظر گرفته شده، می‌تواند در یادگیری واژگان زبان‌فارسی به غیرفارسی‌زبانان مؤثر باشد؟ چه تغییراتی پیشنهاد می‌شود که کتاب‌های درسی آموزش زبان‌فارسی به غیرفارسی‌زبانان تناسب بیشتری با سن زبان‌آموزان داشته باشند؟ این پژوهش نشان می‌دهند که زبان‌آموزان خارجی به تناسب سنی که دارند تمایلات خاص سن خود را می‌طلبند و نسبت به برخی متون دارای علاقه و گرایش بیشتری هستند، بنابراین در تدوین کتب درسی به منظور یادگیری بیشتر واژگان و مطالب درسی باید علایق و گرایشات درونی ان سن به طور جدی در نظر گرفته شود، زیرا افراد به طور طبیعی مطالبی را که بیشتر مطابق تمایلات درونی آن‌هاست، با علاقه مطالعه کرده، درک می‌کنند و به ذهن می‌سپارند، بنابراین یادگیری لغات و واژگان آن متون نیز بهتر و مؤثرتر اتفاق می‌افتد. لذا تناسب متن با سن زبان‌آموز دارای اهمیت زیادی در یادگیری واژگان متن است.

چکیده تصویری

تحلیل محتوای متون درسی زبان فارسی (آموزش زبان فارسی به غیر فارسی زبانان) از نظر تناسب آنها با سن زبان آموزان

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the content of Persian textbooks (teaching Persian language to non-Persian speakers) based on learners'''''''''''''''' age

نویسندگان [English]

  • zeinab bagheri 1
  • jalal rahimian 2
1 MA student at linguistics departmnt, Shiraz University, zbbagheri@yahoo.com
2 Professor Linguistics, Shiraz University2, jrahimian@rose.shirazu.ac.ir
چکیده [English]

The present study is a field study that analyzes the content of Persian textbooks (teaching Persian language to non-Persian speakers) to see to what extent they fit the age of students. The research sample includes 50 Persian language learners who have been selected by a researcher-made questionnaire. In this research, the following questions are raised: to what extent the selection of comprehension texts of the textbook of Persian language teaching to non-Persian speakers that is adapted to the age and interests of the learners can be effective in learning the vocabulary of Persian language to non-Persian speakers? What changes are proposed to make Persian language teaching books to non-Farsi speakers more relevant to the age of the learners? Findings of the research show that foreign language learners tend to have their own age preferences in proportion to their age, and are interested in certain texts. Therefore, in curriculum development, age and interests of the learners should be taken into account. In this way vocabulary of the texts is taught easily and effectively. The relevance of the text to the learner's age is important in learning the vocabulary of the text.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Teaching
  • language
  • Learn
  • age
  • second language

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