اثربخشی آموزش‌های از راه دور در فعالیت‌های یاددهی-یادگیری آموزش عالی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علم اطالعات و دانش شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور، اصفهان

2 گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان

چکیده

باتوجه به تناقض در یافته­های اثربخشی روش­های آموزش از راه دور، پژوهش حاضر با هدف فراتحلیل اثربخشی آموزش‌های از راه دور در آموزش عالی انجام گرفت. روش پژوهش حاضر براساس روش­های تحلیل ثانویه و از نوع فراتحلیل و جامعه آماری آن شامل کلیه پژوهش­هایی است که در ارتباط با اثربخشی انواع آموزش­های از راه دور در آموزش عالی در داخل کشور به روش نیمه تجربی انجام شده که از شیوه تمام سرشماری جهت نمونه گیری استفاده شد و بر اساس ملاک‌های ورود و خروج 79 پژوهش به عنوان حجم نمونه شناسایی و محاسبه شد. جهت جمع آوری اطلاعات از فرم کاربرگ طراحی شده توسط محقق در سه بخش اطلاعات کتاب شناختی، اطلاعات روش شناختی و یافته­ها استفاده شد. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از شاخص اندازه اثر و آزمون همگنی با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری CMA ویرایش دوم انجام گرفت. یافته­ها نشان داد تمام روش­های آموزش از راه دور در آموزش عالی کشور اثربخش بوده است اما این اثربخشی در حد متوسط بوده است­(­526.0ES=، 01.0P<) که باتوجه به جدول سطح زیرمنحنی بهنجار میانگین اثربخشی استفاده از فناوری­های آموزش مجازی(گروه­های آزمایش) 69 درصد اثربخش­تر از زمانی بوده است که از این فناوری­ها استفاده نشده است(گروه­های کنترل). همچنین فرارگرسیون تاثیر سال بر نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که با یک واحد افزایش در اجرای روش­های آموزش از راه دور.07به اندازه اثر، اثربخشی این روش­ها افزوده می­شود، به عبارت دیگر اجرای روش­های آموزش از راه دور در آموزش عالی با گذشت زمان اثربخش­تر می­شود.

چکیده تصویری

اثربخشی آموزش‌های از راه دور در فعالیت‌های یاددهی-یادگیری آموزش عالی

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness Distance education in teaching activities-learning higher education

نویسندگان [English]

  • afshin mosavi 1
  • hasan kaviani 2
1 Department of Knowledge and Information Sciences, Payame Noor University, Isfahan
2 Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan
چکیده [English]

Considering the contradiction in the findings of the studies conducted on the effectiveness of distance education methods, the present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of distance education in higher education. The research method is based on secondary analysis and meta-analysis. The statistical population consists of all quasi-experimental studies which have already been conducted on the effectiveness of various types of distance education in higher education in Iran. The whole census was used for sampling. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 79 studies were identified as the sample size. To collect the data, a researcher-made worksheet was employed in three sections: bibliographicaldata, methodological data, and findings. To analyze the data, the effect size index and the homogeneity test were performed using CMA-Version 2.0 statistical software. The research findings indicated that all of distance education methods in higher education of Iran were effective, but this effectiveness was moderate (ES =0.526, P <0.01); the area under the normal curve, the average implementation of distance education (Experimental groups) was 69% more effective than when these technologies were not used (control groups). In addition, the meta-regression of the effect of year on the results of research showed that with an increase in the implementation of distance education methods, .07%was added to the effectiveness of these methods. In other words, the implementation of distance education methods in higher education will become more effective over time.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • distance education
  • Higher Education
  • Meta-analysis
  • Technology
  • Education

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