سنجش میزان اثربخشی نور طبیعی بر کاهش استرس دانش آموزان در فضاهای آموزشی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیراز

2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه آزاد شیراز

چکیده

استرس، رابطه ای خاص بین فرد و محیط است که در این حالت، شخص محیط را فراتر از منابع خود یا تهدید کننده سلامت خود ارزیابی می کند. عوامل مختلفی در ایجاد استرس نقش دارد. یکی از این عوامل، عوامل محیطی است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تاثیر نور طبیعی بر کاهش استرس دانش آموزان در کلاس درس انجام شده است. تحقیق حاضر از نوع تحقیقات همبستگی است و به لحاظ هدف، تحقیقی کاربردی می باشد. روش تحقیق، روش پیمایشی و ابزار گردآوری داده ها، پرسشنامه استاندارد سنجش استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی (DASS-21) است. روایی این پرسشنامه با توجه به آلفای کرونباخ معادل 0.897 مورد تایید قرار گرفت. پرسشنامه ها با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 22 تحلیل شد. روش آزمون و بررسی فرضیات تحقیق با استفاده از آماره استیودنت (t)، همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون صورت گرفت، هم چنین از آزمون لوین نیز جهت اثبات فرضیه تحقیق استفاده شد. نتایج این پژوهش بیانگر آن است که بین استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی با وضعیت نور با ضریب همبستگی های به ترتیب 0.634، 0.742 و 0.698 در سطح معنی داری 0.01 رابطه وجود دارد.

چکیده تصویری

سنجش میزان اثربخشی نور طبیعی بر کاهش استرس دانش آموزان در فضاهای آموزشی

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of natural daylight on students’ stress reduction in educational spaces

نویسنده [English]

  • Fatemeh Imani 1
چکیده [English]

Stress is a special relationship between a person and their environment. In this case, a person assesses the environment either as beyond their resources or as posing a risk to their health. Several factors cause stress. One of these factors is the environmental factor. The current study has been done with the aim of investigating the effect of natural daylight on students’ stress reduction in the classroom. This research is a correlational study and in terms of purpose is an applied research. The research method is survey and the data collection instrument includes the standard questionnaire for measuring stress, anxiety, and depression (DASS-21). The reliability of the questionnaire was approved with the Cronbach’s alpha of 0.897. The questionnaires were analyzed by SPSS software version 22. Hypothesis testing was done by t-statistic, Pearson correlation coefficient, and regression. The Levin test was also used to verify the research hypotheses. The results of this study indicate that there is a relationship between daylight and stress, anxiety, and depression with correlation coefficients of 0.634, 0.742, and 0.698 have been found respectively (p< 0.01).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Educational spaces
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

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