رشد کمّی دانش آموختگان فنی و حرفه ای کشور و تقاضای نیروی انسانی ماهر به منظور بازنگری در برنامه درسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه شهید رجائی

2 دانشگاه الزهرا

3 دانشگاه امام صادق(ع)

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به مقایسه عرضه دانش­آموختگان فنی و حرفه­ای با تقاضای نیروی انسانی در این بخش می­پردازد و مشتمل به بررسی کارآیی خارجی و اشتغال دانش­آموختگان و مقایسه عرضه و تقاضای نیروی آموزش­دیده در بخش کاردانی فنی و حرفه­ای به تفکیک رشته و گروه­های تخصصی می­باشد. در این پژوهش، روش توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی استفاده شده است. پرسشنامه تحقیق پیگیرانه فارغ­التحصیلان با همکاری کالج کلمبو به عنوان مبنا انتخاب گردیده برای این ارزیابی جامعه آماری مورد نظر را دانشکده­ها و آموزشکده­های فنی و حرفه­ای تحت نظر وزارت آموزش و پرورش وقت، تشکیل داده است. در نمونه­گیری، در سطح کشور از 24 رشته و 69 مرکز (با استفاده از نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای چند مرحله­ای) نمونه­گیری شد. بر اساس نتایج تحقیق بین شغل و جنسیت فارغ­التحصیلان ارتباط معنادار متوسطی وجود دارد. همچنین76درصد شاغلان، مشاغل مرتبط با تحصیلات خود را یافته­اند و تنها 22درصد شاغلان، خوداشتغال هستند که ضریب همبستگی کرامر این رابطه را بسیار بالا و موثر گزارش کرده است. همچنین رابطه بین جنسیت و مشکلات اشتغال معنادار گزارش شده است. همچنین نتایج پژوهش نشان می­دهد که برای تحقق اشتغال دانش آموختگان فنی و حرفه­ای، به میزان %63فرصت شغلی دیگر برای163 هزار نفر احتیاج است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Quantitative growth of I.R Iran’s TVE graduates and skilled human resources with the aim of revising and reinforcing the curriculum

نویسنده [English]

  • nayere rahmani 3
3 Emam sadeq university
چکیده [English]

This research comprises comparison of I.R Iran’s TVE graduates and human resources requirement in this sector and considering external efficiency and rate of graduate occupation based on fields of studies, faculties and graduate self-employment and their challenges. In conducting this research have benefit from descriptive and survey methods. The research questionnaires for tracer study have developed in corporation of CPSC (Colombo Plan Staff College). For this assessment we used Statistical population from TVE Colleges and faculties. In sampling, in country level we selected 24 fields of studies from 69 centers. According to the research findings, 76% of graduates could find a job appropriate to their field of study. And only 22% of practitioners on the job are self-employ. Also the research finding shows that for materializing occupations for all graduates in TVE it is require having additional 63% of occupational vacancies for 163000

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Quantitative growth
  • Tracer study TVE graduates
  • Skilled human resource

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