فصلنامه علمی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، تکنولوژی آموزشی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه سید جمال الدین اسدآبادی، همدان، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکترای تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

3 مربی، فناوری اطلاعات، گروه فناوری اطلاعات، دانشگاه سیدجمال الدین اسدآبادی، همدان، ایران

10.22061/tej.2017.682

چکیده

عنصر تعامل یکی از عناصر تأثیرگذار بر یادگیری در محیط‌های یادگیری الکترونیکی است. هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه تأثیر محیط‌های یادگیری مبتنی بر رایانه و یادگیری غنی‌شدة مبتنی بر وب بر عناصر شش‌گانة تعامل (دانشجو– دانشجو، دانشجو–استاد، دانشجو– محتوا، استاد– استاد، استاد– محتوا و محتوا–محتوا) در فرایند آموزش درس بهداشت حرفه‌ای بود. پژوهش حاضر از نوع شبه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعة آماری پژوهش را کلیه دانشجویان رشته بهداشت عمومی دانشکدة علوم پزشکی شهرستان اسدآباد در سال تحصیلی 95-1394 تشکیل می­دادند. از این تعداد 60 نفر با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه کنترل و آزمایش (هر گروه 30 نفر) گماشته شدند. گروه اول (کنترل) در محیط یادگیری مبتنی بر رایانه و گروه دوم (آزمایش) در محیط یادگیری غنی‌شدة مبتنی بر وب آموزش دیدند. ابزار و مواد پژوهش شامل چندرسانه‌ای آموزشی و پرسشنامه سنجش سطوح شش‌گانه تعامل با 60 سؤال در طیف لیکرت بود. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون آماری تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد که بین آموزش در محیط‌های یادگیری مبتنی بر رایانه و آموزش در محیط‌های یادگیری غنی‌شدة مبتنی بر وب در شش بُعدِ تعامل، تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد(05/ p<.). به‌عبارت‌دیگر، آموزش در محیط یادگیری غنی‌شدة مبتنی بر وب نسبت به آموزش در محیط‌های یادگیری مبتنی بر رایانه، اثربخشی بیشتری بر سطوح تعامل دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The impact of computer-based and web-enhanced learning environments on the interaction of instructional elements

نویسندگان [English]

  • H. Moradimokhles 1
  • J. Heydari 2
  • V. Salehi 1
  • N. Pouti 3

1 Department of Educational Sciences, Sayyed Jamaleddin Asadabadi University, Hamedan, Iran

2 Department of Educational Technology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Information Technology and Computer Engineering, Sayyed Jamaleddin Asadabadi University, Hamedan, Iran

چکیده [English]

Interaction element is one of the elements influencing the learning in e-learning environments. This study aimed to compare the effects of computer-based and web-enhanced learning environments on six elements of interaction (student-student, student-teacher, student-content, teacher-teacher, teacher-content and content-content) in the process of Occupational Health course.The study was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest design with a control group. The population of the study included all students of Public Health at Asadabad Faculty of Medical Sciences in the academic year 2015-2016. Of these, 60 students were selected through a random sampling procedure and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (30 per group). The first group (control) was taught in a computer-                based and the second one (experimental) was taught in a web-enhanced learning environment. The materials and instruments included instructional multimedia and the questionnaire of assessing six levels of interaction with 60 questions in likert scale. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyze the gathered data. The results showed that there were significant differences between computer-based and web-enhanced learning environments on six elements of interaction (p<0.05). In other words, web-enhanced learning environment is more effective on the six interaction elements in comparison to computer-based learning environment.   

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Learning environments
  • Computer-based
  • Web-enhanced
  • Interaction
  • Instruction

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