راه‌کارهای تعامل و برقراری ارتباط بین فردی در بهبود فرآیند یاددهی – یادگیری مدارس هوشمند

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی دانشگاه سمنان

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزش عالی دانشگاه اصفهان

3 استاد دانشگاه سمنان.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی راه­کارهای تعامل و برقراری ارتباط بین فردی در بهبود فرآیند یاددهی – یادگیری مدارس هوشمند استان سمنان انجام شد. روش انجام این پژوهش از نوع روش­های تحقیق آمیخته اکتشافی است که در آن نخست بخش کیفی و سپس بخش کمی انجام ‌شده است. در بخش کیفی پژوهش، با 6 مورد مصاحبه عمیق با متخصصان فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات در مدارس هوشمند و 24 مورد مصاحبه نیمه هدایت‌شده با معلمان مدارس هوشمند که به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و گلوله برفی انتخاب‌شده بودند، انجام شد. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل محتوای مصاحبه‌ها و مطالعة عمیق مبانی نظری، در قالب پرسشنامه­ای محقق­ساخته در دو بخش وضعیت مطلوب و وضعیت موجود تنظیم گردید. روایی محتوایی طبق نظر صاحب­نظران تعیین و پایایی آن نیز از طریق آلفای کرونباخ در بخش وضعیت مطلوب 85/0 و در بخش وضعیت موجود 89/0 به دست آمد. در بخش کمی، پرسشنامه پژوهش توسط 310 نفر از معلمان و مدیران در سال 1394 که به روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه­ای انتخاب‌شده بودند، تکمیل شد. به‌منظور تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده­ها نیز از آزمون­ آماری ویلکاکسون در سطح معناداری 05/0 با بهره‌گیری از نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخة 22 استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که راه­کار «اتصال مدرسه به شبکة اینترانت ملی و ایجاد شبکه داخلی مدرسه»، دارای بیشترین اهمیت و رتبة اول، «تجهیز کارگاه رایانه از mini PC, class mate, thin client و یا lap top متصل به شبکه LAN» رتبة دوم، «ارتباط یک­پارچة رایانه‌ای با سایر مدارس» رتبة سوم، «عضویت فعال در پورتال مدارس هوشمند» رتبة چهارم را در بهبود فرآیند یاددهی – یادگیری مدارس هوشمند به خود اختصاص داده­اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Interaction and Communication Teaching – Learning Process Improvements Solutions of Smart Schools

نویسندگان [English]

  • Akbar Soleimangoli 1
  • Aliakbar Dolati 2
  • Aliakbar Aminbeidokhti 3
1 MSC student, Semnan University
2 PhD student in Higher Education Management Esfahan
3 Professor, Semnan University
چکیده [English]

This study was aimed at identifying interaction solutions in improving the teaching – learning process of smart schools in Semnan the method used for this study was exploratory mixed method that first part is qualitative and second part is quantitative. In the qualitative research, in first case 6 persons who are expert in ICT were sampled and they were interviewed in depth method, in second case 24 teachers were chosen in a purposive and snowball methods and they were interviewed in semi-guided method. After content analysis of the obtained results of interviews and deep theoretical study, the researchers developed this results in a form of questionnaire contained 2 sections: 1: demographic information and 2: interaction solutions in improving teaching – learning process of smart schools in the ideal situation and the present situation. Construct and content validity of the questionnaire was determined by experts, and its reliability was calculated using Cronbach's alpha, which in the ideal situation reported 0.85 and in the present situation 0.89.In the quantitative part of the research, questionnaires were completed by 254 teachers, 24 managers, 24 deputies and 8 experts in ICT that they were sampled in a stratified method. The results are shown that " connecting schools to National intranet and creating local network to the school "with the most important which are ranked in the first place. «Mobilization computer mini PC, class mate, thin client or lap top connected to the network lan" is in the second place» Computer integrated communication with other schools that is placed in the third." Active member in the Portals smart schools» in the fourth place of the improving effect of the teaching - learning played roles in the smart schools.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • ICT
  • Smart Schools
  • teaching – learning process
  • interaction and interpersonal communication

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