مقایسه‌ی پیشرفت‌تحصیلی و بهره‌گیری از ICT در دانش‌آموزان مدارسِ هوشمند و عادی

نویسندگان

1 مربی پژوهش جهاد دانشگاهی، روانشناس تربیتی، سازمان تهران، پژوهشکده‌ی مطالعات توسعه

2 استادیار دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

با توجه به توسعه­ی روزافزون فناوری­های اطلاعاتی و ارتباطی (فاوا) در جامعه و مدارس، پژوهش حاضر به منظور مقایسه­ی پیشرفت تحصیلی و بهره­گیری از این فناوری­ها (ICT) در دانش­آموزان دختر و پسر مدارس هوشمند و عادی و تعیین رابطه­ی این دو متغیر انجام شده است. جامعه­ی آماری این پژوهش کلیه­ی دانش­آموزان پایه­ی پنجم دوره ابتدایی شهر تهران بود که با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای چند مرحله­ای نمونه­ای تعداد 662 دانش­آموز از مدارس هوشمند و عادی و به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شدند. روش تحقیق به جهت هدف کاربردی و به جهت نحوه گردآوری داده­ها از نوع توصیفی بوده که به صورت پیمایش به گردآوری داده­های اقدام شده است. ابزار مورد استفاده در این پژوهش پرسشنامه­ی محقق­ساخته با بهره­گیری از فاوا بود که روایی آن از نوع روایی محتوایی و پایایی آن توسط ضریب آلفای کرونباخ مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. ضریب آلفای محاسبه شده برای ابزار پژوهش 92/0 به دست آمد که نشان­دهنده­ی پایایی بالای ابزار می­باشد. یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد که رابطه­ای بین پیشرفت تحصیلی(سال قبل و ترم قبل) و استفاده از فاوا وجود ندارد(p=0.251؛ r =0.088؛r =0.048,p=0.534 )، همچنین میزان استفاده از فاوا در پسران به­طور معنی­داری بالاتر از دختران است(p=0.003؛t=-2.98 ) و میزان استفاده از فاوا در مدارس هوشمند به­طور معنی­داری بالاتر از مدارس عادی است(p=0.001؛t=3.68 ).

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing the academic achievement and utilizing ICT in smart and regular schools students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Behrooz Nazari 1
  • Javad Poorkarimi 2
1 Research Instructor Jahad Daneshgahi,Educational Psychology, Tehran Organization, Devolopment Studies Institute.
2 Assistant Professor, Educational Management, Psycology & Eductional Faculty, Tehran University
چکیده [English]

Due to the increasing development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the community and schools, this study aimed to identify the relationship between the use of information and communication technologies (ICT), and students’ academic achievement in smart and regular schools. The population was primary school students in the fifth grade and the sample included 662 students, which determined through cluster sampling was. The Survey was done through the use of questionnaires. The method for how to collect data for the purpose and descriptive survey that collects data for action. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire made by utilizing ICT validity of its content validity and reliability was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Alpha coefficient was calculated to 0.92, indicating a high reliability of research tool is the tool. The results showed that the relationship between academic achievement (previous year and the previous term) and there is no use of ICT (p = 0.251; r = 0.088; r = 0.048, p = 0.534), as well as the use of ICT in the boys significantly higher than girls is the (p = 0.003; t = -2.98) and the use of ICT in schools was significantly higher than conventional schools is the (p = 0.001; t = 3.68).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • ICT
  • educational attainment
  • Smart Schools
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