فصلنامه علمی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجائی،تهران،ایران

2 آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تاکستان،قزوین،ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر به کارگیری آموزش تکلیف محور بر مهارت خواندن و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان رشته مهندسی در درس زبان تخصصی است. دو گروه از دانشجویان گرایش ساخت و تولید به عنوان گروه آزمایشی و  کنترل در طرح پیش آزمون- پس آزمون شرکت کردند. گروه آزمایشی به مدت یک نیمسال تحصیلی، درس زبان تخصصی خود را از طریق روش تکلیف محور فراگرفتند. گروه کنترل در همان مدت به روش سنتی دستور- ترجمه با تأکید بر یادگیری دستور، لغت، خواندن و ترجمه، درس زبان را فراگرفتند. در آغاز و در انتهای آزمایش از هر دو گروه آزمون مهارت خواندن گرفته شد. نتایج آزمون تی نشان داد که مهارت خواندن گروه آزمایشی قبل و بعد از شرکت در کلاس زبان تخصصی به طور معناداری متفاوت بوده و ارائه این درس با روش تکلیف محور بر پیشرفت مهارت خواندن آنان تأثیر گذاشته است. همچنین مقایسه نمرات دانشجویان در آزمون پایان ترم نشان داد که استفاده از روش تکلیف محور بر پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان در درس زبان تخصصی مؤثر بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of TBLT on Mechanical Engineering Students’ Achievement and Reading Comprehension in an ESP Course

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Rahimi 1
  • H. Azhegh 2

1 Department of English Language, Faculty of Humanities, Shahid Rajaei Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran

2 Teaching English, Islamic Azad University, Takestan Branch, Qazvin, Iran

چکیده [English]

While there is an expanding literature on the challenges and practicalities of implementing Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) in East Asian educational setting, there is a dearth of research with regard to its effectiveness in foreign language settings and West Asian classes.  The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of TBLT on Iranian university students’ reading comprehension ability and English achievement in an English-for-Specific-Purposes (ESP) course. Two intact groups of university students majoring in Mechanical Engineering (Production and Manufacturing) participated in the experiment. The control group received instruction in grammar-translation method through presentation, practice and production procedure with focus on teaching reading, grammar, vocabulary and translation. The experimental group experienced strong version of TBLT through pre-task, task, and post-task procedure. The experiment lasted for one semester. Students’ reading comprehension ability and achievement in ESP were assessed at the end of the experience. The results revealed that the experimental group outperformed the control group in both assessed variables, confirming the fact that TBLT is an effective way of teaching English to Iranian ESP students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • TBLT
  • ESP
  • Reading comprehension
  • Achievement
  • Mechanical Engineering

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