فصلنامه علمی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه ارتباطات و مدیریت رسانه،دانشگاه پیام نور،تهران،ایران

2 گروه مهندسی صنایع،دانشگاه پیام نور،تهران،ایران

10.22061/tej.2014.12

چکیده

یکی از اهداف مهم نظام آموزش عالی کشور، پرورش نیروی انسانی متخصص و مورد نیاز جامعه است. با توجه به روند افزایش جمعیت و تقاضا برای ورود به دانشگاه­ها و مؤسسات آموزش عالی از یک‌سو و مشکلات اقتصادی دولت از سوی دیگر، مسأله «کارآفرینی» اهمیت ویژه‌ای یافته است. در این راستا مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی و ارزیابی قابلیت­های کارآفرینی (ریسک پذیری، انگیزه پیشرفت، کنترل درونی، میل به استقلال و خلاقیت) دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام نور شکل گرفته است. در این مطالعه از 450 نفر از دانشجویان این دانشگاه در تهران خواسته شد تا به سؤالات پرسش­نامه­ای با ضریب آلفای کرونباخ 89/0 و شیوه لیکرت پاسخ گویند. نتایج مطالعه نشان می­دهد که میان خلاقیت و استقلال­طلبی دانشجویان و تمایل آن­ها به کارآفرینی رابطه معناداری وجود دارد؛ ریسک پذیری در دانشجویان مرد بیشتر از دانشجویان زن و در مقابل کانون کنترل درونی و استقلال طلبی در دانشجویان زن به طور معنا‌داری از دانشجویان مرد بیشتر است. انگیزه پیشرفت، کانون کنترل درونی و استقلال­طلبی در دانشجویان علوم پایه و مهندسی به طور معنا‌داری بیشتر از دانشجویان علوم انسانی و خلاقیت در دانشجویان غیر شاغل به طور معنا‌داری بیشتر از دانشجویان شاغل است. کانون کنترل درونی و انگیزه پیشرفت در دانشجویانی که دوره آموزشی کارآفرینی گذرانده‌اند به طور معناداری بیشتر از دانشجویانی است که دوره آموزشی کارآفرینی را نگذرانده‌اند و فعالیت­های آموزشی دانشگاه با مؤلفه­های خلاقیت و انگیزه پیشرفت مرتبط است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Ability of Entrepreneurial and Effectiveness of the Education System on the Rise of it ,in Payame Noor University Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Rabiee 1
  • Z. Nazarian 2

1 Communication and Media Management Department, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Industrial Engineering Department, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

One of the main goals of education is the development of skilled manpower . Due to the increasing population and demand for entering the universities and higher education institutions and also the economic problems, the issue of "entrepreneurs" is an important matter The  aim of  this paper is to evaluate the ability of entrepreneurial in Payame Noor university. It asked 450 students at this University in Tehran to answer the questionnaire with 0.86%  Cronbach's alpha coefficient and Likert respond method. The results show that: There is a significant and meaningful relation between student 's Creativity and independence and their willingness to entrepreneurship; Risk taking in male students is more than female students; Internal locus of control and independence in female students were significantly higher than male students; Achievement motivation, Internal locus of control and independence in basic science and engineering students were significantly more than the students in the humanities and Creativity in unemployed students was more than Employed ones. Internal locus of control and achievement motivation in Students who passed the Entrepreneurship  course was  more than Students who don' t passed it ;and Educational activities were related to the development of the components of creativity and motivation.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Payame Noor University
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Risk Taking
  • Achievement Motivation
  • Internal Control
  • Desire for Independence and Creativity

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