مطالعه تطبیقی محتواهای برنامه درسی رشته‌ی معماری با معیار روح زمانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد بین­ المللی کیش، گروه معماری ، جزیره کیش، ایران

2 گروه معماری دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز

3 رییس دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

یکی از عوامل محوری در آموزش معماری، محتوا و برنامه آموزشی آن است، به نظر میرسد آموزش معماری در ایران با عدم تطابق با نیازهای جامعه، فراموشی ارزشهای فرهنگی و فقدان پژوهشهای بنیادین روبروست. هدف از پژوهش حاضر همگامی با درونزایی، رهیافتها و نیازهای جامعه، بازیابی و برساختن الگوهای کارآمد است. بررسی موضوع با تاکید بر تاثیرپذیری روند آموزش معماری از روح زمانه به تبیین مولفههای آن، سپس ارزیابی برنامههای آموزشی صورت گرفته است. پژوهش حاضر مقطعی و از نوع کاربردی است. روش تحقیق، براساس راهبرد کیفی و تحلیل محتوای آشکار پیام‌ها موجود در سرفصل‌ها، با رویکرد استدلال منطقی به تحلیل محتوای برنامه درسی 9 دانشگاه برتر دنیا با محوریت مفهوم روح زمان می‌پردازد. این پژوهش نشان داده است که دلفت در دو حوزه‌ی دروس تاریخ و نظریه با 35% و در حوزه‌ی فن‌آوری با 31.6%، بیشترین آمار این بخش و ماساچوست با 51.7% سهم بخش طراحی، پیشتاز است و در حوزه‌ی دروس بینارشته‌ای کالیفرنیا با حدود 35% از سایرین متمایزند و جالب اینکه برنامه‌ی درسی ایران سهم معنادار در رقابت میان دانشگاه‌های جهان را بدست نیاورده است. درنهایت نتیجه‌ی این پژوهش نشان می‌دهد روح زمان فراروندگی تاریخ است؛ در حالی‌که مدل‌های آموزشی متنوعی هست، ولی تغییرپذیری، آزادی طرح و انتخاب برنامه و انعطاف‌پذیری، تفکر انتقادی و بازتعریف مساله و شبیه-سازی وضعیت‌های زمینه‌ای نقشی محوری در روح زمان دارد.

چکیده تصویری

مطالعه تطبیقی محتواهای برنامه درسی رشته‌ی معماری با معیار روح زمانه

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Zeitgeist’s Comparative Study on Architectural Educational Course Program

نویسندگان [English]

  • sara dashtgerd 1
  • Kaveh Bazrafkan 2
  • heidar jahanbakhsh 3
1 Department of Architecture, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran
2 Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch
3 the head of the architecture and urban development of payame noor university
چکیده [English]

main factors in the education is its content and course program. It seems that, there is some problem with it in Iran, such as non-contextual, referencing in historic culture, social values and research base education. The purpose of this research is to follow the global approaches, people needs, and challenging ability. This subject study, emphasizes the impact of the process of training the architecture of the zeitgeist on explaining its components, and then evaluating educational programs. The present study is a cross-sectional and applied research. The research methodology was based on qualitative strategy and to content analysis, it analysis courses of the nine top universities in the world. The research has shown that Delft is in two history and theory with 35% and in the technology with 31.6%, and the Massachusetts with 51.7% share in the leading design sector. And in the interdisciplinary courses at the California, about 35% of all. Interestingly, the Iranian course curriculum has not made a contribution to the competition among the world's universities. Finally, we conclude that the zeitgeist is the history transcendence. At the same time, there are a variety of models, but variability, freedom of program design, choice, flexibility, critical thinking and simulation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Education
  • educational model
  • curriculum content
  • concept of updates
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