تأثیر آموزش مهارتهای خودکنترلی با پیگیری از طریق گروه مجازی بر کاهش استفاده آسیب زا از تلفن همراه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه آموزشی علوم تربیتی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، زاهدان، ایران

2 دبیر آموزش و پرورش استثنایی یزد

3 استادیار، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

هدف از اجرای پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی آموزش مهارت‌های خودکنترلی بر کاهش استفاده آسیب زا از تلفن همراه در بین دانشجویان پسر دانشگاه فرهنگیان بود. روش این پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی با پیش آزمون و پس آزمون بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را تمامی دانشجویان پسر دانشگاه فرهنگیان استان سیستان و بلوچستان تشکیل دادند و نمونه پژوهش را تعداد 60 نفر (30 نفر گروه آزمایش و 30 نفر گروه گواه) از افرادی تشکیل دادند که استفاده آسیب زا از تلفن همراه داشتند و داوطلب شرکت در آزمایش بودند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها مقیاس استفاده آسیب زا از تلفن همراه جنارو و همکاران بود. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد آموزش مهارت‌های خودکنترلی بر استفاده آسیب زا از تلفن همراه در دانشجویان پسر دانشگاه فرهنگیان زاهدان تأثیر منفی و معنادار دارد و باعث کاهش آن شده است. همچنین، در مرحله پیگیری بین میانگین پس آزمون استفاده آسیب زا از تلفن همراه در گروه با پیگیری از طریق شبکه مجازی و گروه بدون پیگیری از طریق شبکه مجازی تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که آموزش مهارت های خودکنترلی و پیگیری از طریق گروه مجازی برای دانشجویان دانشگاه فرهنگیان به کاهش استفاده آسیب زا و حرکت به سوی استفاده رایج از تلفن همراه کمک می‌کند.

چکیده تصویری

تأثیر آموزش مهارتهای خودکنترلی با پیگیری از طریق گروه مجازی بر کاهش استفاده آسیب زا از تلفن همراه

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Self-Control Skills Training with follow-up Through Virtual Group on reducing problematic mobile phone use

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zabihollah Allahi 1
  • Fazel Barzegar 2
  • Allah nazar Alisoofi 3
  • Amin Mollazehi 1
1 educational science department, Farhangian university, Zahedan, Iran
2 teacher of exceptional education of yazd
3 educational science department, Farhangian university, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The study aimed to determine the effectiveness of self-control skills training on reducing problematic mobile phone use among male students of Farhangian University. The method of this study was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test. The population of the study consisted of all female students of Farhangian University of Sistan and Baluchestan province. The sample consisted of 60 individuals (30 experiment and 30 control) who had problematic mobile phone use and volunteered to participate in the experiment. The data gathering tool was Genaro et al. scale of Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale (COS). The results of this study showed that training self-control strategies on the problematic mobile phone use has a negative and significant effect on male students of Farhangian University of Zahedan. Also, there is a significant difference between the pre-test and the post-test for problematic mobile phone use in the follow-up group via the virtual network and the non-follow-up group via virtual network. It can be concluded that the training of self-control strategies and follow-up through the virtual group for students at the University of Farhangian will help reduce problematic mobile phone use and move towards the general use of mobile phone.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • self control
  • problematic use
  • mobile phone
  • Farhangian University
  • Student

[1] Kim, J., Oh, G., & Siennick, S. E. (2018). Unravelling the effect of cell phone reliance on adolescent self-control. Children and Youth Services Review, 87, 78-85.

[2] Manteghi, m. (2010). Investigation how the girls and boys use the mobile phone side. Information and Communication Technology in Educational science, 2, 95-128. [In Persian]

[3] Faghiharam, B., Ebrahimi, Z., & Zargham, M. (2016). Psychosocial damage caused by the use of mobile and Internet among students. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 6(3), 111-130. [In Persian]

[4] Amidi-Mazaheri, M., Karbasi, M., & Ehteshami, M. S. (2014). Use of mobile phone technology in students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Health system research, 10 (2), 276-285. [In Persian]

[5] Kamibeppu, K., & Sugiura, H. (2005). Impact of the mobile phone on junior high-school students' friendships in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 8(2), 121-130.

[6] Billieux, J., Van der Linden, M., & Rochat, L. (2008). The role of impulsivity in actual and problematic use of the mobile phone. Applied Cognitive Psychology: The Official Journal of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 22(9), 1195-1210.

[7] Hosseini, S. H. (2005). Sociological analysis of the relationship between the Internet and drug addiction. Journal of Cultural and Communication Studies, 1 (2,3), 1-17. [In Persian] 

[8] Ishii, K. (2011). Examining the adverse effects of mobile phone use among Japanese adolescents. Keio Communication Review, 33, 69-83. 

[9] Byun, Y.-H., Ha, M., Kwon, H.-J., Hong, Y.-C., Leem, J.-H., Sakong, J.... Choi, H.-D. (2013). Mobile phone use, blood lead levels, and attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms in children: a longitudinal study. PLoS One, 8(3), e59742.

[10] Divan, H. A., Kheifets, L., Obel, C., & Olsen, J. (2010). Cell phone use and behavioural problems in young children. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, jech. 2010.115402.

[11] Abramson, M. J., Benke, G. P., Dimitriadis, C., Inyang, I. O., Sim, M. R., Wolfe, R. S., & Croft, R. J. (2009). Mobile telephone use is associated with changes in cognitive function in young adolescents. Bioelectromagnetics: Journal of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, The Society for Physical Regulation in Biology and Medicine, The European Bioelectromagnetics Association, 30(8), 678-686.

[12] Jenaro, C., Flores, N., Gómez-Vela, M., González-Gil, F., & Caballo, C. (2007). Problematic internet and cell-phone use: Psychological, behavioral, and health correlates. Addiction research & theory, 15(3), 309-320.

[13] Dubey, R. B., Hanmandlu, M., & Gupta, S. K. (2010). Risk of brain tumors from wireless phone use. Journal of computer assisted tomography, 34(6), 799-807.

[14] Lee, J., Onifade, E., Ryu, J., Rasul, A., & Maynard, Q. R. (2014). Online activity, alcohol use, and internet delinquency among Korean youth: A multilevel approach. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 12(4), 247-263.

[15] Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2008). Cyberbullying: An exploratory analysis of factors related to offending and victimization. Deviant behavior, 29(2), 129-156.

[16] Kuss, D. J., Kanjo, E., Crook-Rumsey, M., Kibowski, F., Wang, G. Y., & Sumich, A. (2018). Problematic mobile phone use and addiction across generations: The roles of psychopathological symptoms and smartphone use. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science, 1-9.

[17] Sadoughi, M., & Mohammad-Salehi, Z. (2018). The Relationship of problematic mobile phone use with Student Academic Performance: The Intermediate Function of Sleep Quality. Medical Education Strategies. 2, 123-132. [In Persian] 

[18] Bianchi, A., & Phillips, J. G. (2005). Psychological predictors of problem mobile phone use. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 8(1), 39-51.

[19] Tangney, J. P., Boone, A. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2018). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success Self-Regulation and Self-Control (pp. 181-220): Routledge.

[20] Achtziger, A., Hubert, M., Kenning, P., Raab, G., & Reisch, L. (2015). Debt out of control: The links between self-control, compulsive buying, and real debts. Journal of Economic Psychology, 49, 141-149.

[21] Snyder, M. (1974). Self-monitoring of expressive behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology, 30(4), 526.

[22] Mousavi-Moghaddam, S. R., Nouri, T., Khodadadi, T., Ahmadi, A. & Qiasi, Gh. (2016). The relationship between addiction to the Internet and self-control with mental health in students of Ilam University of Applied Sciences. Journal of college of Health and Institute of Health Research, 15 (1), 1-8. [In Persian]

[23] Taban, M., Norad Sedigh, M., Abdollahi, B., Yasini, A. & Seydi, F. (2011). The Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Self-Control among Students of Tehran Universities and Shahid Beheshti Universities. Culture at Islamic University, 2 (5), 669-694. [In Persian]

[24] Etebariyan, A., & Purvali, Z. (2008). Determining the relationship between self-control and conflict resolution strategies among administrative staff of Khorasgan Azad University (Isfahan). New Approach in Educational Management, 2, 111-130. [In Persian]

[25] Friese, M., & Hofmann, W. (2009). Control me or I will control you: Impulses, trait self-control, and the guidance of behavior. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(5), 795-805.

[26] McLam, G. (2011). Setting children's excitement. Translation by Ahmad Reza Kiani and Fatemeh Bahrami. Tehran: Arjomand. (Original release date 2007). [In Persian]

[27] Fujita, K., Carnevale, J. J., & Trope, Y. (2016). Understanding self-control as a whole vs. part dynamic. Neuroethics, 1-14.

[28] Duckworth, A. L., & Seligman, M. E. (2005). Self-discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adolescents. Psychological science, 16(12), 939-944.

[29] Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime: Stanford University Press.

[30] Polakowski, W. E., Cournoyer, D. A., Rogers, S. K., DeSimio, M. P., Ruck, D. W., Hoffmeister, J. W., & Raines, R. A. (1997). Computer-aided breast cancer detection and diagnosis of masses using difference of Gaussians and derivative-based feature saliency. IEEE transactions on medical imaging, 16(6), 811-819.

[31] Wilson, S. J., & MacLean, R. R. (2013). Associations between self-control and dimensions of nicotine dependence: A preliminary report. Addictive behaviors, 38(3), 1812-1815.

[32] Davies, T. (2016). Mind change: How digital technologies are leaving their mark on our brains: SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England.

[33] McSpadden, K. (2015). You now have a shorter attention span than a goldfish. Time Online Magazine. Retrieved May, 7, 2016.

[34] Gentile, D. A., Swing, E. L., Lim, C. G., & Khoo, A. (2012). Video game playing, attention problems, and impulsiveness: Evidence of bidirectional causality. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 1(1), 62.

[35] Roberts, J. A., & Pirog III, S. F. (2012). A preliminary investigation of materialism and impulsiveness as predictors of technological addictions among young adults. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2(1), 56-62.

[36] Jiang, Z., & Zhao, X. (2017). Brain behavioral systems, self-control and problematic mobile phone use: The moderating role of gender and history of use. Personality and Individual Differences, 106, 111-116.

[37] Jeong, S.-H., Kim, H., Yum, J.-Y., & Hwang, Y. (2016). What type of content are smartphone users addicted to: SNS vs. games. Computers in Human Behavior, 54, 10-17.

[38] Dvorak, R. D., Simons, J. S., & Wray, T. B. (2011). Alcohol use and problem severity: Associations with dual systems of self-control. Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, 72(4), 678-684.

[39] Ozdemir, Y., Kuzucu, Y., & Ak, Ş. (2014). Depression, loneliness and Internet addiction: How important is low self-control? Computers in Human Behavior, 34, 284-290.

[40] Lee, Y.-J., & Park, J.-H. (2014). the effect of use motives, self-control and social withdrawal on smartphone addiction. Journal of Digital Convergence, 12(8), 459-465.

[41] Han, L., Geng, J., Jou, M., Gao, F., & Yang, H. (2017). A shyness and mobile phone addiction in Chinese young adults: Mediating roles of self-control and attachment anxiety. Computers in Human Behavior (76), 363-371.

[42] Ghalami, Z. (2017). Comparison of the Effectiveness of Positive and Self-Controlled Teaching Methods on Academic Adherence and Self-Efficacy of High School Girl Students. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Allameh Tabataba'i, Tehran. [In Persian]

[43] Hadi, S. (2017). Developing a Structural Model of Marital Engagement Based on Attachment Style by mediating early maladaptive schemas and self-control among married couples. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Allameh Tabataba'i, Tehran. [In Persian]

[44] Mahboobi, T., Salimi, H. & Hosseini, S. A. (2014). The Effect of Emotional Self-Controlling Education on Verbal Aggression in Payame Noor University Students. Social Recognition, 4, 124-136. [In Persian]

[45] Ebrahimi-Moghaddam, H., & Vahedi, S. M. (2014). Effectiveness of self-control education on mental health of nurses in Tehran. Analytical-Cognitive Psychology, 21, 25-32. [In Persian] 

[46] Yazdani, Sh. (2013). The effect of self-control education on adolescent aggression and parental stress. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Allameh Tabataba'i, Tehran. [In Persian]

[47] Samiariyan, K., Simiariyan, Q. & Ebrahimi-Ghavam, S. (2011). The Effectiveness of Self-Control Education on Negligence Reduction in Second-Grade Secondary female Teens in Tehran. Social Psychology Research, 1 (3), 19-35. [In Persian]

[48] Vera, E. P., & Moon, B. (2013). An empirical test of low self-control theory: Among Hispanic youth. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 11(1), 79-93.

[49] Golmohammadian, M., & Yasem-Nejad, P. (2011), the standardization, validity and reliability of the. Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale (COS) in students. New findings in psychology, 6 (19), 37-52. [In Persian]